Center for Directed Energy (CDE)

Center for Directed Energy (CDE)
AFIT Leadership: Dr. Steven T. Fiorino
CONTACT INFORMATION
Name: Dr. Steven T. Fiorino
Title: Director, Center for Directed Energy
Commercial Phone: 937-255-3636 (4506)
DSN Phone: 785-3636 (4506)
EDUCATION

Ph.D., Physical Meteorology, The Florida State University, 2002

M.S., Atmospheric Dynamics, The Ohio State University, 1993

B.S., Meteorology, The Florida State University, 1989

B.S., Geography, The Ohio State University, 1987

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Dr. Fiorino's research interests include retrieval of environmental parameters via microwave remote sensing, development of signal processing algorithms to fuse meteorological data collection with non-weather ISR platforms, evaluating uncertainty in high-energy laser engagement due to atmospheric effects, and improving microphysical characterizations for nuclear fallout, transport, and dispersion.

EXPERTISE
  • DEVELOPMENT OF WEATHER SIGNAL PROCESSING ALGORITHMS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON MILITARY SYSTEMS
  • MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT
  • NUCLEAR WEAPONS EFFECTS SIMULATION
  • REMOTE SENSING
PUBLICATIONS & RESEARCH PAPERS

 

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, M.F. Via, and J.L. Burley, 2014: “Validation of a UV-to-RF high-spectral-resolution atmospheric boundary layer characterization tool” J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 53, No. 1, pp. 136-156.
 
Yarbrough, A.W., M.J. Mendenhall, R.K. Martin, and S.T. Fiorino, 2014: “Hyperspectral-Based Adaptive Matched Filter Detector Error as a Function of Atmospheric Profile Estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Vol 52, Iss. 4, pp. 2029 – 2039.
 
Burchett, L.R. and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: “Wavelength correction of refractivity variation measurements” Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 26, pp. 31990-31997.
 
Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, and K.J. Keefer, 2013: “Enhanced, fast-running scaling law model of thermal blooming and turbulence effects on high energy laser propagation” Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 12, pp. 14789-14798.
 
Krizo, M.J., S.J. Cusumano, S.T. Fiorino, R. Heap, V. Velton, J. Brown, and R.J. Bartell, 2013: “Design, development and in-flight testing of a pointer/tracker for in-flight experiments to measure the aero-optical effects over a scaled turret” Opt. Eng. Vol. 52 No. 7, 071415(1-8).
 
Hyde, M.W., S. Basu, M.F. Spencer, S.J. Cusumano, and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: “Physical optics solution for the scattering of a partially-coherent wave from a statistically rough material surface” Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 6, pp. 6807–6825.
 
Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, S.J. Cusumano, M.A. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: “Examining the Validity of Using a Gaussian Schell-Model Source to Model the Scattering of a Fully-Coherent Gaussian Beam from a Rough Impedance Surface” Opt. Eng. Vol. 52, No. 3, 038001(1-9).
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F.J. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, 2013: “Effectiveness Assessment of Tactical Laser Engagement Scenarios in the Lower Troposphere,” AIAA Journal of Aerospace Information Systems, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 32-39.
 
Van Zandt N.R, S.J. Cusumano, R.J. Bartell, S. Basu, J.E. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, 2012: “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements” Opt. Eng. Vol 51, No. 10, 104301(1-19).
 
Fiorino, S.T., J.A. Deibel, P.M. Grice, M.H. Novak, J. Spinoza, L. Owens, S. Ganti, 2012: “A Technique to Measure Optical Properties of Brownout Clouds for Modeling Terahertz Propagation,” Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Iss. 16, pp. 3605–3613.
 
Cusumano, S.J., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, W.F. Bailey, R.L. Beauchamp, and M.A. Marciniak, 2011: “Modeling bi-static spectral measurements of temporally evolving reflected and emitted energy from a distant and receding target” J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 5, 053549.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, A. Downs, P. Chu, and C.W. Fan, 2011: “Climate Change: Anticipated Effects on High Energy Laser Weapon Systems in Maritime Environments”  J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 50, No. 1, pp. 153-166.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, 2010: “Worldwide uncertainty assessments of ladar and radar signal-to-noise ratio performance for diverse low altitude atmospheric environments” J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 4, 043533.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, B. McClung, J.J. Cohen, R.M. Randall, and S.J. Cusumano, 2010: “Broad Spectrum Optical Turbulence Assessments from Climatological Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind” J. Dir Energy, Vol 3, No. 3, pp. 223-238.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, 2009: “Worldwide Mission Planning Tool for Tactical Laser Systems,” AIAA Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, Vol 6, No. 8, pp. 491-506.
 
Narcisse, D.L.C., S.T., Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, 2009: “Optimizing the Effectiveness of Directed Energy Weapons with Specialized Weather Support” Air and Space Power JournalVol XXIII, No. 2, pp. 57-66.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, R. Richmond, and M.J. Gebhardt, 2009: “Worldwide assessments of laser radar tactical scenario performance variability for diverse low altitude atmospheric conditions at 1.0642 μm and 1.557 μm,” J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 3, 03351.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, 2007: “Expected Worldwide, Low-Altitude Laser Performance in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants” J. Dir Energy, Vol 2, No. 4, pp. 363-375.
 
Gravley, L.E., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, G. P. Perram, M. J. Krizo, and K. B. Le, 2007: “Comparison of Climatological Optical Turbulence Profiles to Standard, Statistical, and Numerical Models Using HELEEOS” J. Dir Energy, Vol 2, No. 4, pp. 347-362.
 
Fiorino, S. T. and E.A. Smith, 2006: “Critical Assessment of Microphysical Assumptions within TRMM Radiometer Rain Profile Algorithm Using Satellite, Aircraft & Surface Datasets from KWAJEX”  J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 45, No. 5, pp. 754-786.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, D.W. Bunch, L.E. Gravley, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, and M.J. Krizo, 2006:  “The HELEEOS Atmospheric Effects Package: A Probabilistic Method for Evaluating Uncertainty in Low-Altitude High Energy Laser Effectiveness” J. Dir Energy, Vol 1, No. 4, pp. 347-359.
 
Fiorino, S. T., 2004: “Using Space-Based Radar to Derive Fully Integrated, Real-Time Weather Information” Air and Space Power Journal. Vol XVIII, No. 2, pp. 113-121.
 
Fiorino, S. T., J. Correia Jr, 2002: “Analysis of a Mesoscale Gravity Wave Event Using Empirical Orthogonal Functions”  Earth Interactions, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-19.
 
ACCEPTED, NOT YET PUBLISHED
 
 
SUBMITTED BUT NOT YET ACCEPTED
 
Burchett, L.R. and S.T. Fiorino, 2014: “Method for Estimating Laser Scintillation From NEXRAD Radar Reflectivity Turbulence Measurements” in prep for Applied Optics.
 
 
TEXTBOOK
 
Perram, G.P., S.J. Cusumano, R.L. Hengehold, and S.T. Fiorino, 2010: An Introduction to Laser Weapon Systems. Directed Energy Professional Society. 463 pp.
 
CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS & PROCEEDINGS
 
Fiorino, S.T., C.A. Rice, K.J. Keefer, and M.F. Via, “LIDAR Validation Experiments of LEEDR Aerosol Boundary Layer Characterizations,” Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.
 
Fiorino, S.T., N.R. Van Zandt, K.J. Keefer, and P.R. Donnelly, “Improved Correlation of Thermal Blooming Distortion Number and Far-Field Irradiance in a Turbulent Environment,” Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.
 
Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, “Investigating the Effect of Apparent Jitter on AFIT Active Pointer/Tracker (AAPT) Performance for AAOL-T,” Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.
 
Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. McCrae, and N.P. Wurst, “Speckle Effects for Aimpoint Identification in Tactical Active Tracking Engagements,” Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.
 
Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, “Scattering from a Rough Surface in Presence of Atmospheric Turbulence,” Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.
 
McCrae, J.E. and S.T. Fiorino, “Simulation of Deep Turbulence Compensation for a Laser Phased Array,” 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference Big Sky, Montana, 1-8 March 2014.
 
Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, D.C. Meier, B.J. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, “Enhanced Atmospheric Refraction and Radiative Transfer Analyses Merging Gridded Numerical Weather Forecast and Satellite Data” (Poster),18th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 94th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Atlanta, GA 2-6 February 2014.
 
Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, N.R. Van Zandt, and P.R. Donnelly, “Thermal Blooming and Distortion Number Re-visited: A World-wide Analysis,” 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.
 
Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, “Upgrades to the AFIT AAPT for Improved Tracking in Transonic AAOL-T Flights,” 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.
 
Jose, F., J.E. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, J. Wyman, M. Steinbock, M. Hyde and G. Tyler, “An Experimental Testbed for Phasing an Optical Array on a Remote Rough Surface,” 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.
 
Fiorino S.T., “Measurement of Cn2 Profiles from Weather Radar Data and other Microwave Signals and Conversion to Visible and NIR Cn2 Profiles,” Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 24-26 June 2013. Invited
 
Basu S., M.W. Hyde, J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, “Scattering from a rough surface in presence of atmospheric turbulence,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8732-16) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April – 2 May 2013.
 
Van Zandt, N.R., J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, “PITBUL: a physics-based modeling package for imaging and tracking of airborne targets for HEL applications including active illumination,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8732-18) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April – 2 May 2013.
 
McCrae, J.E., N.R. Van Zandt, S.J. Cusumano and S.T. Fiorino, “Simulation of atmospheric turbulence compensation through piston only phase control of a laser phased array,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8733-39) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April – 2 May 2013.
 
Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, K.J. Keefer, S.M. Shirey, J.T. Engel, and B.J. Elmore, “Effectiveness of Using Gridded Forecast Data in Hyperspectral Radiative Transfer Analyses and High Energy Laser Mission Planning” (Poster),16th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, 93rd Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Austin, TX 6-10 January 2013.
 
Burchett, L.R., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. McCrae, M. Vorontsov, and T. Weyrauch, “Comparison of Cn2 Profiles from Weather Radar Data to Coherent Multi-Beam Atmospheric Transceiver (COMBAT) Experiments,” Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.
 
Van Zandt, N.R. K.J. Keefer, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, “World-wide Variability Analysis of Combined Thermal Blooming - Turbulence Effects Applying Standard Model, Probabilistic Climatology, and Numerical Forecast Atmospheric Profiles,” Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.
 
Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, S.J. Cusumano, M.A. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, “Validity of using Gaussian Schell Model for Scattering of a Fully Coherent Beam from a Rough Impedance Surface,” Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.
 
Fiorino, S.T. M.F. Via, S.M. Shirey, and D.J. Grahn, “Band Model, Path Radiance, Aerosol & Forecast Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package,” UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.
 
McCrae, J.E., S.J. Cusumano, N.R. Van Zandt, and S.T. Fiorino, “Optimization of Laser Array Amplitude and Phase for Power-in-the Bucket Metrics,” UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.
 
Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, and N.R. Van Zandt, and S.T. Fiorino, “World-wide Performance Variability of Tactically-Employed High Energy Laser Systems,” UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.
 
Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, S.M. Shirey, and D.J. Grahn, “Band Model, Path Radiance, Aerosol & Forecast Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package,” 34th  Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, 12 June 2012.
 
Fiorino, S.T., S.M. Shirey, M.F. Via, D.J. Grahn, and M.J. Krizo, “Potential Impacts of Elevated Aerosol Layers on High Energy Laser Aerial Defense Engagements,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800T-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Beauchamp, R.L. and S.T. Fiorino, “Propagation of laser light through aero-optic flow: dry air at 0.4 Mach with three-dimensional turret,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800M-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Roth, B.D. and S.T. Fiorino, “LADAR Performance Simulations with a High Spectral Resolution
Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance Model - LEEDR,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8379 83790O-15) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, R.J Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, “High energy laser tactical decision aid (HELTDA) for mission planning and predictive avoidance,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8381 83811L-14) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Burchett, L.R., S.T. Fiorino, and M. Buchanan, “Automation of Cn2 Profile Extraction from Weather Radar Images,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800I-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Basu S., S.J. Cusumano, M.W. Hyde, M.A.. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, “Validity of using Gaussian Schell model for extended beacon studies,” (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800E-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.
 
Burchett, L.R and S.T. Fiorino, “Atmospheric Cn2 Measurement Using Cell Phone Signals,” 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Gaithersburg, MD, 2-5 April 2012.
 
Roth, B.D. and S.T. Fiorino, “LADAR Performance Simulations With a High Spectral Resolution Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance Model - LEEDR,” 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Gaithersburg, MD, 2-5 April 2012.
 
Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, “High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid Status Update,” Directed Energy Professional Society 14th Annual DE Symposium, La Jolla, CA, 14-18 November 2011.
 
Via, M.F., R.M. Randall, S.T. Fiorino, and A.D. Downs, “Surface Observations Input and Band Model Validation in LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package,” 33rd  Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 15 June 2011.
 
Randall, R.M., S.T. Fiorino, M.F. Via, and A.D. Downs, “Validation of Technique to Hyperspectrally Characterize the Lower Atmosphere with Limited Surface Observations,” (Proc. SPIE, 8038, 803807) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 25-29 April 2011.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar for Laser Applications,” 6th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 28 March -1 April 2011.
 
Beauchamp, R.L. and S.T. Fiorino, “Propagation of Laser Light Through Aero-Optical Flow: Preliminary Investigation of Moist Air with Aerosols,” 6th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 28 March -1 April 2011.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Three-dimensional optical turbulence assessments from doppler weather radar for laser applications” (Poster),15th Symposium on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 91st Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Seattle, WA 23-27 January 2011.
 
Randall, R.M, B.M. Herman, S.T. Fiorino, "Temporal Variability of the Atmospheric Zero Trend Level" (Poster), 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, 91st Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Seattle WA, 23-27 January 2011.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, J. Woyak and S.J. Cusumano, “Development of a High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid (HELTDA) for Mission Planning and Predictive Avoidance,” Directed Energy Professional Society 13th Annual DE Symposium, Bethesda MD, 15-19 November 2010.
 
Spencer, M.F., S.J. Cusumano, J.D. Schmidt and S.T. Fiorino, “Impact of temporal resolution on thermal blooming phase compensation instability,” Directed Energy Professional Society 13th Annual DE Symposium, Bethesda MD, 15-19 November 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, J.D. Haiducek, M.F. Spencer, and S.J. Cusumano, “Field Measurements and Comparisons to Simulations of High Energy Laser Propagation and Off-Axis Scatter,” (Proc. SPIE 7814, 781424) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010.
 
 
Spencer, M.F., S.J. Cusumano, J.D. Schmidt, and S.T. Fiorino, “Impact of spatial resolution on thermal blooming phase compensation instability,” (Proc. SPIE 7816, 781608) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010.
 
Yarbrough A., M. Mendenhall, and S. Fiorino, “Measuring the error between actual and estimated atmospherics and the effect on estimating reflectance profiles.” Proceedings 2010 IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 3588-3591, July 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, D.P. Ranney, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, S.J. Cusumano, and E.P. Magee, “Band Model and Surface Observation Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package,” 32nd Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 14 June 2010.
 
Magee, E.P., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, D.P. Ranney, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Models for Laser Propagation using Customized LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization,” 32nd Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 14 June 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid (HELTDA) for Predictive Avoidance,” 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar for Laser Applications,” 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.
 
Bowers, J., S.T. Fiorino, S.J. Cusumano, and A. Lofthouse, “Numerical Investigation of Statistical Turbulence Effects on Beam Propagation Through 2-D Laminar Shear Layer,” 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.
 
Leakeas C.L., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, “Enhanced Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures; Turbulence and Thermal Blooming Effects,” 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.
 
Cusumano, S.J., V. Velten, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.T. Fiorino, “Track Algorithm Performance Against Tactical Targets in Clutter,” 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., P.M. Grice, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, J.D. Haiducek, and S.J. Cusumano, “Lab Measurements to Support Modeling Terahertz Propagation in Brownout Conditions,” (Proc. SPIE, 7671, 767131) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., J.D. Haiducek, C.A. Rice, A.D. Downs, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, “Field and Laboratory Validation of Surface Layer Optical Turbulence and Off-Axis Irradiance,” (Proc. SPIE, 7685, 768513) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.
 
Leakeas C.L., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, “Effects of Thermal Blooming on Systems Comprised of Tiled Subapertures,” (Proc. SPIE, 7696B, 7696B40) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, A. Downs, P. Chu, and C.W. Fan, “Climate Change: Anticipated Effects on HEL Weapon Systems in Maritime Environments,” Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.
 
 
McCue, J., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, “Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures,” Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, J. Haiducek, C. Rice, P. Grice, A. Downs, and S.J. Cusumano “Field and Laboratory Validation of Surface Layer Optical Turbulence, Off-Axis Irradiance, and Desert Sand Optical Properties Models,” Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F.J. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Effectiveness Assessment of Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL) Engagement Scenarios in the Troposphere,” 6th AIAA Biennial National Forum on Weapon System Effectiveness, Tucson, AZ, 22 September 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, C. Cummings, and S.J. Cusumano, “Aerosol Optical Properties and Index of Refraction Updates to the LEEDR Worldwide, Hyperspectral Atmospheric Characterization Package,” 31st Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 17 June 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, S.L. Marek, M.J. Bohn, R.M. Randall, and S.J. Cusumano, “A Computational Tool for Evaluating THz Imaging Performance in Brownout Conditions at Land Sites throughout the World,” (Proc. SPIE, 7324, 732410) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, 16 April 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., J.J. Cohen, B. McClung, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Broad Spectrum, Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar,” 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 6-10 April 2009.
 
Krizo, M.J., R.J. Bartell, J.J. McCue, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, “Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures-Status,” 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 6-10 April 2009.
 
Fiorino, S.T., B. McClung, J.J Cohen, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, “Broad Spectrum Overland Surface Boundary Layer Optical Turbulence Assessments from Climatological Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind,” Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.
 
Krizo, M.J., R.J. Bartell, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, “Development of a Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures,” Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.
 
Bartell, R.J., T.R. Harris, M.J. Krizo, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, “Assessment of Track Algorithm Performance vs Tactical Targets in Clutter as a Function of SWIR Track Sensor Characteristics,” Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, and S.J. Cusumano, “Validation of a worldwide physics-based high-spectral resolution atmospheric characterization and propagation package for UV to RF wavelengths,” (Proc. SPIE 7090, 70900I) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2008.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, K.P. Moore, and S.J. Cusumano, “Comparison of a Worldwide, Hyperspectral Atmospheric Characterization Package to Measurements and MODTRAN,” 30th Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 10-12 June 2008.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Propagation variability assessments of ship defense HEL and HPM performance in worldwide maritime boundary layer environments at wavelengths of 1.0642 µm, 2.141 µm, 3.16 mm and 12.2 cm,” (Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510G) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2008.
 
Krizo, M.J., S.J. Cusumano, R.J. Bartell, Fiorino, S.T., W.F. Bailey, R.L. Beauchamp, M.A. Marciniak, and K.P. Moore, “A worldwide physics-based high-spectral resolution atmospheric characterization and propagation package for UV to RF wavelengths,” (Proc. SPIE 6966, 696619) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2008.
 
Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Comparison of HEL Effective Range and Target Tracking Range as a Function of Aperture Diameter Over Diverse Low Altitude Scenarios,” DEPS 6th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2008.
 
Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, and M.J. Krizo, “Comparison of Peak Irradiance and Power-in-the-Bucket Predictions Among Several Performance Models and WaveOptics Codes Over Diverse Low Altitude Operating Regimes,” DEPS 6th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2008.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, “A First Principles Atmospheric Propagation & Characterization Tool: The Laser Environmental Effects Definition and Reference (LEEDR),” (Proc. SPIE 6878, 68780B) SPIE Photonics West, Laser Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE), San Jose, CA, January 2008.
 
Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, “Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of LADAR and RADAR Performance for Diverse Low Altitude Atmospheric Environments,” MSS National Symposium, Nellis AFB, NV, 27 November 2007.
 
Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, “Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of Atmospheric Extinction for Multiple Microwave/RF Frequencies in Low Altitude Tactical Scenarios,” Directed Energy Professional Society 10th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 5-8 November 2007.
 
Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, “Worldwide Mission Planning Tool for Tactical High Energy Laser Systems Operating at Wavelengths Up to 14 μm,” 5th AIAA Biennial National Forum on Weapon System Effectiveness, Huntsville, AL, 15-16 October 2007.
 
Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, R. Richmond, and M.J. Gebhardt, “Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of LADAR Performance for Diverse Low Altitude Atmospheric Environments at 1.064 μm and 1.557 μm,” MSS Active E-O Systems, Atlanta, GA, 25-27 September 2007.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, B.W. Wisdom, and S.J. Cusumano, “Worldwide Estimates and Uncertainty Assessments of Laser Propagation for Diverse Geometries for Paths in the Altitude Regime of 3 km and Below at Wavelengths of 0.355 μm to 10.6 μm,” (Proc SPIE 6551-03) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, April 2007.
 
Wisdom, B.W., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, “Assessment of Optical Turbulence Profiles Derived from Probabilistic Climatology,” 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.
 
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, M.J., J.E. McCrae, and S.J. Cusumano, “Assessment of High Energy Laser Delivered Irradiance Derived from Off-Axis Atmospheric Scatter,” DEPS 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, B.W. Wisdom, and S.J. Cusumano, “Uncertainty Assessments of Ship Defense High Energy Laser Performance in Various Worldwide Maritime Environments at Wavelengths of 1.045 μm, 1.625 μm, and 2.141 μm,” DEPS 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.
 
Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, Cusumano S.J., E.P. Magee, M.R. Whiteley, and A. Ngwele “Comparison of Peak Irradiance and Power-in-the-Bucket Predictions Among Several Scaling Law Models and WaveOptics Codes Over Diverse Low Altitude Operating Regimes” Directed Energy Professional Society 9th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM 30 Oct - 2 Nov 2006.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, J.D. Eckel, M.J. Krizo, S.J. Cusumano, “Application and Impacts of Ground-to-Space Cloud Free Line of Sight Probabilities to Air-to-Ground High Energy Laser Engagement Scenarios” Directed Energy Professional Society 9th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM 30 Oct - 2 Nov 2006.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, L.E. Gravley, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and K.B. Le, “Expected Worldwide Laser Performance in Spectrally Diverse Near Earth Scenarios in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants” Military Sensing Symposia Active E-O System Symposium, Monterey CA, 26-28 Sep 2006.
 
Gravley, L.E., S.T. Fiorino, and R.J. Bartell, “Comparison of Climatological Optical Turbulence Profiles to Standard, Statistical, and Numerical Models Using HELEEOS”  Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.
 
Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, L.E. Gravley, E.P. Magee, M.R. Whiteley, and A. Ngwele “Evaluation of Phase-Only Adaptive Optics Efficacy Over a Diverse Range of Operating Regimes, Part II” Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.
 
Belton, S.L., S.T. Fiorino, and R.J. Bartell, “The Simulation of Off-Axis Laser Propagation using HELEEOS” Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, and S. Hammel, “Comparison of HELEEOS Systems Model Results to Analysis of a Maritime HEL Propagation Study Utilizing Several Independent Models and Databases” Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, L.E. Gravley, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and K.B. Le, “Expected Performance of High Energy Lasers Operating Under Geographically and Spectrally Diverse Conditions for Oblique Near Earth Scenarios in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants” Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.
 
Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, G.P. Perram, S.N. Long, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and L.E. Gravley, “Methodology for Estimation of Variance in High Energy Laser System Performance Due to Spatial and Temporal Climatological Effects from 0.355 μm – 14 μm” Directed Energy Professional Society 8th Annual Directed Energy Symposium, Lihue, HI, 14-18 November 2005.
 
Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, D.W. Bunch, M.J. Krizo, and L.E. Gravley, "Methodology for Comparing Worldwide Performance of Diverse Weight-Constrained High Energy Laser Systems" (Proc SPIE 5792) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2005.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, Z.P. Manning, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, D.W. Bunch and L.E. Gravley, "Critical Assessment of Relative Humidity and Aerosol Effects on Lower Atmospheric High Energy Laser Engagement" 3rd Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Tampa, FL, March 2005.
 
Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, Z.P. Manning, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, D.W. Bunch and L.E. Gravley, "Evaluation of Phase-Only Adaptive Optics Efficacy Over a Diverse Range of Operating Regimes" Directed Energy Professional Society 2005 Modeling & Simulation Conference, Tampa, FL, 14-17 March 2005.
 
Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, D.W. Bunch, L.E. Gravely, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, and M.J. Krizo, "The HELEEOS Atmospheric Effects Package: A Probabilistic Method for Evaluating Uncertainty in Low-Altitude High Energy Laser Effectiveness" Directed Energy Professional Society 7th Annual Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 2004.
 
Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.A. Marciniak, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, S.T. Hascke, D.W. Bunch, and M.J. Krizo, "Comparison of Weight-Constrained Chemical and Solid State Laser Performance for Air-to-Ground Tactical Scenarios Under Many Atmospheric Conditions" Directed Energy Professional Society 7th Annual Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 2004.
 
Smith E.A., S.T. Fiorino, "Use of Collocated KWAJEX Satellite, Aircraft, and Ground Measurements for Understanding Ambiguities in TRMM Radiometer Rain Profile Algorithm" American Meteorological Society 12th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Long Beach, CA, 8-13 February 2003.
 
Smith E.A., S.T. Fiorino, A. Mugnai, G. Panegrossi, and G Tripoli, "Microphysics, Meteorology, Microwaves, & Modeling of Mediterranean Storms: The M5 Problem" European Geosciences Union 3rd Plinius Conference on Mediterranean Storms, Barja Sardinia, Italy 1-3 October 2001.
 
Fiorino, S.T., D.L. Parks, "Regional and Worldwide Atmospheric Profiles for MERIT" Proceedings - Institute of Environmental Sciences, 1995.
 
Czuchna, J.S., D.L. Parks, S.T. Fiorino, C.L. Weaver, and F.W. Youkhana, "An Approach for Modeling Worldwide Climatic Environments" Proceedings - Institute of Environmental Sciences, 1994.
Center Home
Faculty & Staff Directory