Library Home
About the Library
My Library Account
Interlibrary Loan Requests
Library Spaces
Chief of Staff Reading List
All Subject Guides
AFIT Off-Campus Library Access
All Research Databases
Online Library Catalogs
Faculty Resources
Distance Learning Resources
Copyright and Electronic Resources


Most of the electronic resources such as ejournals, databases and ebooks available at AFIT are owned (copyrighted) by outside publishers and governed by license agreements. These agreements determine how an electronic resource can or cannot be used. This page is meant to provide you with basic information on appropriate use of electronic materials and link you to resources for more specific information if you need it.

Use of the above mentioned electronic resources is limited to:

  • Current AFIT employees whether permanent, temporary or visiting, including affiliates, consultants and students
  • Contractors and subcontractors officially affiliated with AFIT at the Institute site
  • Members of the public using an AFIT computer within the Research Library


Appropriate use

It is the responsibility of individual Authorized Users to ensure that these resources are used solely for scholarly, research, educational and personal non-commercial purposes in accordance with the requirements stated below.

The following applies to electronic resources that are copyrighted and/or governed by AFIT license agreements. Other restrictions may apply as well.


You may:

You may not:

Print or download individual articles, chapters or other items on a limited basis.

Systematically download, save, print or distribute large amounts of information (e.g. download all articles from a journal issue; engage in large-scale downloading from licensed resources to create databases).

Send an article or item to another Authorized User.

Send an article or item to a person who is not an Authorized User (unless this is specifically allowed by a publisher's license).

Link to articles or other items from a publisher's website (recommended method for providing electronic content).

Post an article or other items in any open access environment, including the Internet and Web (includes mailing lists, electronic bulletin boards, blogs, etc.). See Self-archiving below.

What are your "Fair Use" options?

Fair Use provisions of US copyright law allow reproduction and distribution of copyrighted materials on a limited basis for specific purposes without the permission of the copyright holder. In order for Fair Use to apply, the reproduction and distribution must be for the noncommercial purposes of scholarship, research or education (among others).

Fair Use is a limited right. It generally means you cannot reproduce or distribute large portions of a book or multiple articles from the same issue of a journal. A reasonable interpretation of the law is one (1) article per issue of a journal; and, one-tenth or one chapter of a book, whichever is less. Use beyond this allowance generally requires permission of the publisher or copyright owner, which may include payment of copyright royalty fees in some cases.



Many publishers allow authors to self-archive a pre- or post-print copy of their papers on the author's webpage or institutional website. There can be restrictions on this type of self-archiving.

Potential consequences of a violation of the Institute's contractual agreements with publishers regarding copyright:

  • Loss of access for entire Institute without warning
  • Employee record may be negatively affected
  • Personal lawsuits


Information on copyright and permissions



AIP (email) 





ScienceDirect (Elsevier) - they will contact the right people and secure rights for you for a fee.


Creative Commons - keep your copyright, but allow some rights for others.





Additional resources about copyright and copyright law

United States Copyright Office

Best Practices for Fair Use from the Center for Social Media

Copyright Act of 1976, amended

Crash Course in Copyright (University of Texas)

Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Stanford University Libraries — Copyright and Fair Use


Questions and further information

AFIT employees - if you have questions, please Ask-A-Librarian.

Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure that the information on this web page is valid, we cannot guarantee its accuracy, currency or reliability. This page is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.

Adapted with permission of Carol Hoover from the LANL Research Library.




Air Force Institute of Technology
2950 Hobson Way
WPAFB, OH 45433-7765
TEL: 937-255-6565
Notice and Consent Banner:
Use of this DoD computer system, authorized or unauthorized, constitutes consent to monitoring of this system. Unauthorized use may subject you to criminal prosecution. Evidence of unauthorized use collected during monitoring may be used for administrative, criminal, or other adverse action. Use of this system constitutes consent to monitoring for these purposes.

This Web site is provided as a public service by Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, 88th Air Base Wing Public Affairs