Dr. Steven T. Fiorino

 

Contact:
Comm: 937-255-3636 x4506
DSN: 785-3636 x4506
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Education

PhD, Physical Meteorology, The Florida State University, 2002

MS, Atmospheric Dynamics, The Ohio State University, 1993
 
BS, Meteorology, The Florida State University, 1989

BS, Geography, The Ohio State University, 1987

Publications

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Van Zandt, N. R., M. F. Spencer, M. J. Steinbock, B. M. Anderson, M. W. Hyde, and S. T. Fiorino, 2018: "Polychromatic wave-optics models for image-plane speckle. 2. Unresolved objects," Appl. Opt. 57, 4103-4110.

Van Zandt, N. R., J. E. McCrae, M. F. Spencer, M. J. Steinbock, M. W. Hyde, and S. T. Fiorino, 2018: "Polychromatic wave-optics models for image-plane speckle. 1. Well-resolved objects," Appl. Opt. 57, 4090-4102.

Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, B. Elmore, and J. Schmidt, 2017: “A Fast Calculating Two-Stream-Like Multiple Scattering Algorithm that Captures Azimuthal and Elevation Variations” J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 56:11, pp. 3049-3063. DOI:10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0044.1.

McCrae, J.E., S. Bose-Pillai, and S.T. Fiorino, 2017: “Estimation of turbulence from time-lapse imagery” Opt. Eng. 0001;56(7):071504.  doi:10.1117/1.OE.56.7.071504.

Van Zandt, N., M. Hyde, S. Bose-Pillai, D. Voelz, X. Xiao, and S.T. Fiorino, 2017: "Synthesizing time-evolving partially-coherent Schell-model sources" Optics Communications. 387, pp. 377-384.

Meier, D.M. and S.T. Fiorino, 2016: "Application of Satellite and NWP Derived Wind Profiles to Military Airdrop Operations" J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 55, No. 10, pp. 2197–2209, DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0296.1

Basu S, J.E. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, and J. Przelomski, 2016: "Estimation of temporal variations in path-averaged atmospheric refractive index gradient from time-lapse imagery" Opt. Eng. 0001;55(9):090503. DOI:10.1117/1.OE.55.9.090503.

Van Zandt, N.R., J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, 2016: "Modeled and measured image-plane polychromatic speckle contrast" Opt. Eng. Vol. 55 No. 2, 024106 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.55.2.024106.

He, P., C.G. Nunalee, S. Basu, J. Minet, M.A. Vorontsov and S.T. Fiorino, 2015: "Influence of Heterogeneous Refractivity on Optical Wave Propagation in Coastal Environments" Meteorology & Atmospheric Physics, DOI: 10.1007/s00703-015-0391-3.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, M.F. Via, and J.L. Burley, 2014: "Validation of a UV-to-RF high-spectral-resolution atmospheric boundary layer characterization tool" J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 53, No. 1, pp. 136-156.

Yarbrough, A.W., M.J. Mendenhall, R.K. Martin, and S.T. Fiorino, 2014: "Hyperspectral-Based Adaptive Matched Filter Detector Error as a Function of Atmospheric Profile Estimation," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Vol 52, Iss. 4, pp. 2029 - 2039.

Burchett, L.R. and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: " Wavelength correction of refractivity variation measurements" Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 26, pp. 31990-31997.

Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, and K.J. Keefer, 2013: "Enhanced, fast-running scaling law model of thermal blooming and turbulence effects on high energy laser propagation" Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 12, pp. 14789-14798.

Krizo, M.J., S.J. Cusumano, S.T. Fiorino, R. Heap, V. Velton, J. Brown, and R.J. Bartell, 2013: "Design, development and in-flight testing of a pointer/tracker for in-flight experiments to measure the aero-optical effects over a scaled turret" Opt. Eng. Vol. 52 No. 7, 071415(1-8).

Hyde, M.W., S. Basu, M.F. Spencer, S.J. Cusumano, and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: "Physical optics solution for the scattering of a partially-coherent wave from a statistically rough material surface" Opt. Express, Vol. 21, Iss. 6, pp. 6807-6825.

Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, S.J. Cusumano, M.A. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, 2013: "Examining the Validity of Using a Gaussian Schell-Model Source to Model the Scattering of a Fully-Coherent Gaussian Beam from a Rough Impedance Surface" Opt. Eng. Vol. 52, No. 3, 038001(1-9).

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F.J. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, 2013: "Effectiveness Assessment of Tactical Laser Engagement Scenarios in the Lower Troposphere," AIAA Journal of Aerospace Information Systems, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 32-39.

Van Zandt N.R, S.J. Cusumano, R.J. Bartell, S. Basu, J.E. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, 2012: "Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements" Opt. Eng. Vol 51, No. 10, 104301(1-19).

Fiorino, S.T., J.A. Deibel, P.M. Grice, M.H. Novak, J. Spinoza, L. Owens, S. Ganti, 2012: "A Technique to Measure Optical Properties of Brownout Clouds for Modeling Terahertz Propagation," Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Iss. 16, pp. 3605-3613.

Cusumano, S.J., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, W.F. Bailey, R.L. Beauchamp, and M.A. Marciniak, 2011: "Modeling bi-static spectral measurements of temporally evolving reflected and emitted energy from a distant and receding target" J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 5, 053549.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, A. Downs, P. Chu, and C.W. Fan, 2011: "Climate Change: Anticipated Effects on High Energy Laser Weapon Systems in Maritime Environments" J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 50, No. 1, pp. 153-166.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, 2010: "Worldwide uncertainty assessments of ladar and radar signal-to-noise ratio performance for diverse low altitude atmospheric environments" J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 4, 043533.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, B. McClung, J.J. Cohen, R.M. Randall, and S.J. Cusumano, 2010: "Broad Spectrum Optical Turbulence Assessments from Climatological Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind" J. Dir Energy, Vol 3, No. 3, pp. 223-238.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, 2009: "Worldwide Mission Planning Tool for Tactical Laser Systems," AIAA Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, Vol 6, No. 8, pp. 491-506.

Narcisse, D.L.C., S.T., Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, 2009: "Optimizing the Effectiveness of Directed Energy Weapons with Specialized Weather Support" Air and Space Power Journal. Vol XXIII, No. 2, pp. 57-66.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, R. Richmond, and M.J. Gebhardt, 2009: "Worldwide assessments of laser radar tactical scenario performance variability for diverse low altitude atmospheric conditions at 1.0642 ?m and 1.557 ?m," J. Appl. Remote Sensing, Vol 3, 03351.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, 2007: "Expected Worldwide, Low-Altitude Laser Performance in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants" J. Dir Energy, Vol 2, No. 4, pp. 363-375.

Gravley, L.E., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, G. P. Perram, M. J. Krizo, and K. B. Le, 2007: "Comparison of Climatological Optical Turbulence Profiles to Standard, Statistical, and Numerical Models Using HELEEOS" J. Dir Energy, Vol 2, No. 4, pp. 347-362.

Fiorino, S. T. and E.A. Smith, 2006: "Critical Assessment of Microphysical Assumptions within TRMM Radiometer Rain Profile Algorithm Using Satellite, Aircraft & Surface Datasets from KWAJEX" J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Vol 45, No. 5, pp. 754-786.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, D.W. Bunch, L.E. Gravley, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, and M.J. Krizo, 2006: "The HELEEOS Atmospheric Effects Package: A Probabilistic Method for Evaluating Uncertainty in Low-Altitude High Energy Laser Effectiveness" J. Dir Energy, Vol 1, No. 4, pp. 347-359.

Fiorino, S. T., 2004: "Using Space-Based Radar to Derive Fully Integrated, Real-Time Weather Information" Air and Space Power Journal. Vol XVIII, No. 2, pp. 113-121.

Fiorino, S. T., J. Correia Jr, 2002: "Analysis of a Mesoscale Gravity Wave Event Using Empirical Orthogonal Functions" Earth Interactions, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-19.

ACCEPTED, NOT YET PUBLISHED

SUBMITTED BUT NOT YET ACCEPTED

Bose-Pillai, S. R., J.E. McCrae, C.A. Rice, R.A. Wood, C.E. Murphy, and S.T. Fiorino, "Estimation of atmospheric turbulence using differential motion of extended features in time-lapse imagery", under review Opt. Eng.

Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, B. Elmore, and J. Schmidt, “A Remote Sensing and Atmospheric Compensation Tool for Assessing Multi-Spectral Radiative Transfer through Realistic Atmospheres and Clouds” under review JTECH.

Anderson G., S.T. Fiorino, and D. Meier, "Development of a Standard Maritime Cn2 Model Using Satellite Measurements", under review JARS.

TEXTBOOK

Perram, G.P., S.J. Cusumano, R.L. Hengehold, and S.T. Fiorino, 2010: An Introduction to Laser Weapon Systems. Directed Energy Professional Society. 463 pp.

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS & PROCEEDINGS

Fiorino S.T., K. Keefer, A. Archibald, and L. Burchett, "An Analysis of Near-Surface Optical Turbulence and Aerosol Concentration Coupling during a Solar Eclipse," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), Orlando, FL, (OSA, 27 June 2018). Invited.

Basu, S. S. Bose-Pillai, S.T. Fiorino, and J.E. McCrae, "Evaluating a Coupled Mesoscale Modeling and Ray Tracing Framework over an Urban Area," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), OSA Orlando, FL, (OSA, 25-28 Jun 2018).

Wolfmeyer, S., G. Thomas, and S.T. Fiorino, "Coupled Surface Observations of Temperature, Pressure, and Humidity with Surface Aerosol Particle Counts for Daytime Sky Radiance Quantification," 2018 Atmospheric Transmission Models-Modeling in Remote Sensing Meeting, Newton, MA, 5 June 2018.

Thomas, G., R. Cobb, S.T. Fiorino, and M. Hawks, "Daytime Sky Radiance Model Validation of GEO-belt in NIR-SWIR," 2018 Atmospheric Transmission Models-Modeling in Remote Sensing Meeting, Newton, MA, 5 June 2018.

Bose-Pillai, S.R., J.E. McCrae, R.A. Wood, C.E. Murphy, C.A. Rice, S.T. Fiorino, "Characterizing atmospheric turbulence over long paths using time-lapse imagery", Proc. SPIE 10650, Long-Range Imaging III, 106500A (11 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2305077.

McCrae, J.E. S.R. Bose-Pillai, S.T. Fiorino, and M.W. Hyde IV, “Improved Filtering of Source Plane Tilts for Optical Propagation Simulations,” 2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, 3-10 Mar 2018.

McCrae, J.E. C.E. Murphy, S.R. Bose-Pillai, C.A. Rice, and S.T. Fiorino, “The Influence of Wind on Anisotropy in Optical Turbulence,” 2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, 3-10 Mar 2018.

Fiorino, S.T., K. Keefer, C. Rice, J. Burley, and J. Schmidt#, “Characterizing Multispectral Vertical Profiles of Aerosol Extinction with Surface-based Measurements,” Directed Energy Professional Society 20th Annual DE Science and Technology Symposium, Oxnard, CA (February 2018).

Fiorino, S.T., and J.E. McCrae, “Use of a Fast Scaling Law Model to Determine Optimal Array Configuration for Incoherent or Coherent Beam Combination,” Directed Energy Professional Society 20th Annual DE Science and Technology Symposium, Oxnard, CA (February 2018).

Fiorino, S.T., K. Keefer, J.E. McCrae, S.R. Bose-Pillai, “Advantages of Quantifying Velocity Structure Function, Cv2 to Infer Refractive Structure Function, Cn2,” Directed Energy Professional Society 20th Annual DE Science and Technology Symposium, Oxnard, CA (February 2018).

Bose-Pillai, S.R., J.E. McCrae, C.A. Rice, and S.T. Fiorino, "Characterizing atmospheric turbulence over long paths using time-lapse imagery" Directed Energy Professional Society 20th Annual DE Science and Technology Symposium, Oxnard, CA (February 2018).

McCrae, J.E., S.R. Bose-Pillai, C.A. Rice, and S.T. Fiorino, "Analysis of Tilt Removed Hartmann Turbulence Sensor Data," Directed Energy Professional Society 20th Annual DE Science and Technology Symposium, Oxnard, CA (February 2018).

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, C.A. Rice, J.L. Burley, and J. Schmidt#, "Characterizing Multispectral Vertical Profiles of Aerosol Extinction with Surface-Based Measurements," 22nd Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 98th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Austin, TX, Jan 2018. (Poster and webposting: https://ams.confex.com/ams/98Annual/webprogram/Paper335342.html).

Burley, J.L., Fiorino, S.T., B.J. Elmore, and J. Schmidt, "A Remote Sensing and Atmospheric Compensation Tool for Assessing Multi-Spectral Radiative Transfer Properties through Realistic Atmospheres and Clouds," 22nd Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 98th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Austin, TX, Jan 2018. (Poster and webposting: https://ams.confex.com/ams/98Annual/webprogram/Paper336039.html).

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, D. Rigdon, D. Tootle, B. Elmore, and J. Schmidt, "HyDRA Inc. 2 Study Team Interim TIM: Weather Team Analysis, All-Weather Performance Binning of  High Energy Laser Engagements," 2017 Directed Energy Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, September 2017.

McCrae, J.E., S. Bose-Pillai, S. Sohkey, C. Murphy, J. Denen, C. Rice, S.T. Fiorino, "Comparison of Hartmann Turbulence Sensor Tilt and Intensity Measurements with Scintillometer Results," 2017 Directed Energy Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, September 2017.

Bowers, J., S.T. Fiorino, C. Rice, "Experimental Process and Initial Direct Measurement of High Energy Laser for Intensity and Phase Parameters at the Aperture to Support Accurate Field Measurements," 2017 Directed Energy Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, September 2017.

Fiorino S.T., K. Keefer, C. Rice, J. Burley, and J. Schmidt, "Characterizing multispectral vertical profiles of aerosol extinction with surface-based measurements," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), San Francisco CA, (OSA, 27 June 2017).

Schmidt, J., Fiorino S.T., J. Burley, and B. Elmore, "Multi-spectral Weather Cubes for atmospheric plume characterization," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), San Francisco CA, (OSA, 27 June 2017).

McCrae, J.E., S. Bose-Pillai, M. Current, K. Lee, and S.T. Fiorino, "Analysis of Turbulence Anisotropy with a Hartmann Sensor," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), San Francisco CA, (OSA, 27 June 2017).

Bose-Pillai, S., J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, "Estimation of atmospheric parameters from time-lapse imagery,"  in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), San Francisco CA, (OSA, 27 June 2017).

Fiorino, S.T., J. Schmidt, B. Elmore, and J. Burley, “Multi-spectral Weather Cubes and 4D Visualizations of Atmospheric and Radiative Effects,” UK/US Directed Energy Workshop, Swindon, UK, 12-15 June 2017.

McCrae, J.E. and S.T. Fiorino, “Comparison between Wave Optics and Scaling Law Models for Coherent Laser Arrays,” UK/US Directed Energy Workshop, Swindon, UK, 12-15 June 2017.

Bowers, J. and S.T. Fiorino, “Assessing the trade space for Techniques, Analysis, Calibration, and Standards, for High Energy Laser Sensors (TACoSHELS) program,” UK/US Directed Energy Workshop, Swindon, UK, 12-15 June 2017.

Ross, J.S. and S.T. Fiorino, "Total Electron Count Variability and Stratospheric Ozone Effects on Solar Backscatter and LWIR Emissions," Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 10198, 101980A, Anaheim, CA, 11 April 2017.

Wurst, N.P., J. Meola, and S.T. Fiorino, "Improved Atmospheric Characterization for Hyperspectral Exploitation," Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 10198, 101980B, Anaheim, CA, 11 April 2017.

McCrae, J.E., S.R. Bose-Pillai, M.G. Current, K.P. Lee, and S.T. Fiorino, "Measurements of Anisotropy in Optical Turbulence," 2017 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, March 2017.

Van Zandt, N.R., M.W. Hyde, S.R. Bose-Pillai, and S.T. Fiorino, "Simulating Time-Evolving Non-Cross-Spectrally Pure Schell-Model Sources," 2017 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, March 2017.

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, and B.J. Elmore, "Simulation of Pulsed Laser-Induced Environmental Changes on Laser Propagation," Directed Energy Professional Society 19th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL (February 2017)

Schmidt, J.E., S.T. Fiorino, B.J. Elmore, J.L. Burley, and K.J. Keefer, "Evaluation of Probabilistic Climatology as a Determiner for HEL System Performance," Directed Energy Professional Society 19th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL (February 2017)

Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. Schmidt, and B.J. Elmore, "4D Weather Cubes and CFLOS from Numerical Weather Prediction Data," Directed Energy Professional Society 19th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL (February 2017)

Bose-Pillai, S., J.E. McCrae, N.R. Van Zandt, and S.T. Fiorino, "Estimation of atmospheric parameters from time-lapse imagery," Directed Energy Professional Society 19th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL (February 2017)

Fiorino, S.T., J. Burley, B. Elmore, J. Schmidt, "Weather Cubes and 4D Visualizations Including Cloud and Rain Fields Generated from Numerical Weather Prediction Data," 1 33rd Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, 97th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Seattle, WA, Jan 2017. (Poster and webposting: https://ams.confex.com/ams/97Annual/webprogram/Paper312028.html)

Fiorino, S.T., J. Burley, B. Elmore, J. Schmidt, and K. Keefer, "Atmospheric Impacts on Active EO: State-of-the-Art Characterization using LEEDR," 2016 Meeting of the Military Sensing Symposia (MSS) Specialty Group on Active E-O Systems and Electro-Optical & Infrared Countermeasures, Gaithersburg, MD, 27 Sep 2016. (Plenary, Invited)

Fiorino, S.T., L. Lamberson, K.J. Keefer, D. Rigdon, J. Schmidt, E. Matchefts, and B. Elmore, "Using Climatology and Numerical Weather Models for Ground-Based HEL Air Defense," 11th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 12-16 Sep 2016.

Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, J. McCrae, and D. Kunkel, "Imaging and Tracking Modeling including Earth Reflection and Multiple Scattering," 11th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 12-16 Sep 2016.

Schmidt, J., S.T. Fiorino, J. Burley, and B. Elmore, "Weather Cubes and 4D Visualizations of Atmospheric and Radiative Effects," 11th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 12-16 Sep 2016.

O'Connor, K.J., S.T. Fiorino, J. Bowers, and K.J. Keefer, "HEL Field Test Forensic Analysis Using High Fidelity Laser Propagation Scaling Law Model and V&V’d Atmospheric Characterization Code," 11th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 12-16 Sep 2016.

McCrae, J.E., S. Bose-Pillai, M. Current, K. Lee, and S.T. Fiorino, "Investigation of Turbulence Anisotropy using a Hartmann Turbulence Sensor," 11th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 12-16 Sep 2016.

Burley, J., S.T. Fiorino, B.J. Elmore, J. Schmidt, and M.F. Via, "A Fast Calculating Two-Stream-Like Multiple Scattering Algorithm that Captures Azimuthal and Elevation Variations," 37th Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Woburn, MA, 26 July 2016.

Fiorino S.T. and D.C. Meier, "Improving the fidelity of the Tatarskii Cn2 Calculation with inclusion of pressure perturbations," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), Washington DC, (OSA, 27 June 2016).

Burchett, L. and S.T. Fiorino, “Improved Parametrization for Estimating Cn2 from Numerical Weather Prediction,” in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), Washington DC, (OSA, 27 June 2016).

Basu, S., J. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, "Estimation of atmospheric refractive index gradient variations and Cn2 from time-lapse imagery," in Propagation Through and Characterization of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena (pcAOP), Washington DC invited, (OSA, 28 June 2016).

Fiorino, S.T., B. Elmore, J. Schmidt, E. Matchefts, And J. Burley, "A fast calculating two-stream-like multiple scattering algorithm that captures azimuthal and elevation variations," Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9833, 983305, Baltimore, MD, 21 April 2016.

McCrae, J, S. Basu, and S.T. Fiorino, "Estimation of atmospheric parameters from time-lapse imagery," Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9833, 983303, Baltimore, MD, 21 April 2016.

Cook, RD., S.T. Fiorino, K.J. Keefer, and J. Stringer "Capturing atmospheric effects on 3D millimeter wave radar propagation patterns," Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9833, 98330E, Baltimore, MD, 21 April 2016.

McCrae, J.E. and  S.T. Fiorino, "Simulation of array tilt effects in laser phased arrays," 2016 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, March 2016.

Basu, S, L.R. Burchett, S.T. Fiorino, and J.E. McCrae, "Comparison of the path-weighted Cn2 derived from time-lapse imagery and weather radar," 2016 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, March 2016.

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, J.E. Schmidt, B.J. Elmore, and E.J. Matchefts, "Weather Effects Tools for HEL Mission Planning and Fire Control," Directed Energy Professional Society 18th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM. March 2016.

Fiorino, S.T., J.E. Schmidt, and K.L. Kremer, "A Path-Independent, World-Wide CFLOS Calculator, "Directed Energy Professional Society 18th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM. March 2016.

Fiorino, S.T., D.C. Meier, L.R. Burchett, M.F. Via, C.A. Rice, B.J. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, "Comparison of atmospheric Cn2 and refractive index gradient variations derived from time-lapse photography to mesoscale modeling and radar measurements," (Poster),18th Symposium on Meteorological Observation and Instrumentation, 96th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Jan 2016.

Basu, S., J. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, L.R. Burchett, and C.A. Rice, "Comparison of atmospheric Cn2 and refractive index gradient variations derived from time-lapse photography to mesoscale modeling and radar measurements," (Poster) American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Jan 2016.

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, E. Matchefts, B. Elmore, N. Nash, and M.F. Via, "A Weather Effects Metric for Beam Control Development and Design," 10th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 14-18 Sep 2015.

Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, M. Burton, J. Davis, and K.J. Keefer, "HELEEOS Validation for Field Test Forensics," 10th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 14-18 Sep 2015.

Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, C.A. Rice, and R. Randall, "Minimum Field Measurement Requirements for High Energy Laser Testing," 10th DEPS Systems Symposium, Norfolk, VA, 14-18 Sep 2015.

Fiorino S.T., S. Shirey, A. DeMarco, P. He, and S. Basu "Capturing realistic boundary layer aerosol and turbulence effects in WRF and other numerical weather models" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 7-11 June 2015.

Burchett, L.R. and S.T. Fiorino, "Vertical Scaling of Cn2 in Volumetric Weather Radar Measurements" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 7-11 June 2015.

Meier, D.C. and S.T. Fiorino, "Comparison of Index of Refraction Structure Function (Cn2) Profiles Derived from Polar-orbiting Satellite Data and Numerical Weather Prediction Models" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 7-11 June 2015.

Basu, S.i, J.E. McCrae, Z. Pollock, P. He, C. Nunalee, S. Basu, D.G. Voelz and S. T. Fiorino "Comparison of atmospheric refractive index gradient variations derived from time-lapse imagery and mesoscale modeling" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 7-11 June 2015.

McCrae, J.E. and S.T. Fiorino, " Simulation of Atmospheric Compensation for a Laser Phased Array in the Presence of Target Speckle," 2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference Big Sky, Montana. (1-6 March 2015)

Voelz, D., X. Xiao, I. Dragulin, J. Barraza, S. Basu, J.E. McCrae#, Z. Pollock and S.T. Fiorino, " Low Cost Digital Photography Approach to Monitoring Optical Bending and Guiding in the Atmosphere," 2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference Big Sky, Montana, 1-6 March 2015.

Fiorino, S.T., C.A. Rice, K.J. Keefer, and M.F. Via, " Development of a Deconfliction Plan for AFIT's Model Validation LIDAR," Directed Energy Professional Society 17th Annual DE Symposium, Anaheim, CA. (March 2015)

Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, " Improvements to tracking reliability on AFIT Active Pointer/Tracker (AAPT) performance for AAOL-T flights," Directed Energy Professional Society 17th Annual DE Symposium, Anaheim, CA. (March 2015)

McCrae, J.E., S. Basu, and S.T. Fiorino, " Improved Fidelity Subharmonic Phase Screen Generation," Directed Energy Professional Society 17th Annual DE Symposium, Anaheim, CA. (March 2015)

Anderson, G.M. and S.T. Fiorino, " Development of a Standard Maritime Cn2 Profile Using Satellite Measurements," Directed Energy Professional Society 17th Annual DE Symposium, Anaheim, CA. (March 2015)

Van Zandt, N.R., " Modeled and Measured Partially-Coherent Illumination Speckle Effects from Sloped Surfaces," Directed Energy Professional Society 17th Annual DE Symposium, Anaheim, CA. (March 2015)

Fiorino, S.T., D.C. Meier, L.R. Burchett, M.F. Via, C.A. Rice, B.J. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, " Using Satellite, NWP, and Atmospheric Refraction Assessments to Enhance Radiative Transfer Characterizations for Remote Sensing and Directed Energy Applications," (Poster),19th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 95th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Phoenix, AZ. ( January 2015)

Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, " Summary of efforts to improve tracking reliability on AFIT Active Pointer/Tracker (AAPT) performance for AAOL flights," 9th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 25-28 Aug 2014.

Pollock, Z., J.E. McCrae, S. Basu, and S.T. Fiorino, " Evaluation of Atmospheric Refractive Index Gradient Variability from Time-Lapse Imaging," 9th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 25-28 Aug 2014.

Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. McCrae, M. Burton, J. Davis, B. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, " Comparison of Wave Optics and a High-Fidelity Scaling Law Code and Implications for Field Tests / Demos," 9th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 25-28 Aug 2014.

Rice, C.A., K.J. Keefer, S.C. Wamsley, M.F. Via, and S.T. Fiorino, " Classification of Aerosol Type Using Field Deployable Ultraviolet LIDAR and Atmospheric Models," 9th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 25-28 Aug 2014.

Basu, S., M.W. Hyde , J. E. McCrae, Jr., M.F. Spencer, S.T. Fiorino., " Examining the validity of using a Gaussian Schell Model for modeling an extended beacon on a rough perfectly reflecting surface" , Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9224, 92240L. (August 2014)

Zuraski, S.M. and S.T. Fiorino, " Worldwide study of the performance of a sodium guidestar" , Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9224, 92240D. (August 2014)

Basu, S., C.G. Nunalee, P. He, S.T. Fiorino, M.A. Vorontsov, " Reconstructing the prevailing meteorological and optical environment during the time of the Titanic disaster" , Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9224, 92240Y. (August 2014)

Nunalee, C.G., P. He, S. Basu, M. A. Vorontsov, S.T. Fiorino, " Impact of large-scale atmospheric refractive structures on optical wave propagation" , Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9224, 92240W. (August 2014)

He P., C.G. Nunalee, S. Basu, M.A. Vorontsov, S.T. Fiorino, " Current status and challenges in optical turbulence simulations in various layers of the Earth's atmosphere" , Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9224, 92240F. (August 2014)

Fiorino S.T., " Satellite and Radar Measurement of CT2, Cn2, and Cv2" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Seattle, WA, 13-17 July 2014. Invited.

Meier, D.C. and S.T. Fiorino, " Correlated Satellite-derived Turbulence, Clouds and Aerosol Data" Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Seattle, WA, 13-17 July 2014.

Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, D.C. Meier, B.J. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, " Enhancing 4D Resolution of Atmospheric Transmission and Climate Change Modeling Using Real-Time Satellite, Surface, and Numerical Weather Data," 35th Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, 12 June 2014.

Fiorino, S.T., C.A. Rice, K.J. Keefer, and M.F. Via, " LIDAR Validation Experiments of LEEDR Aerosol Boundary Layer Characterizations," Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.

Fiorino, S.T., N.R. Van Zandt, K.J. Keefer, and P.R. Donnelly, " Improved Correlation of Thermal Blooming Distortion Number and Far-Field Irradiance in a Turbulent Environment," Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.

Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, " Investigating the Effect of Apparent Jitter on AFIT Active Pointer/Tracker (AAPT) Performance for AAOL-T," Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.

Van Zandt, N.R., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. McCrae, and N.P. Wurst, " Speckle Effects for Aimpoint Identification in Tactical Active Tracking Engagements," Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.

Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, " Scattering from a Rough Surface in Presence of Atmospheric Turbulence," Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 10-14 March 2014.

McCrae, J.E. and S.T. Fiorino, " Simulation of Deep Turbulence Compensation for a Laser Phased Array," 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference Big Sky, Montana, 1-8 March 2014.

Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, D.C. Meier, B.J. Elmore, and K.J. Keefer, " Enhanced Atmospheric Refraction and Radiative Transfer Analyses Merging Gridded Numerical Weather Forecast and Satellite Data" (Poster),18th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 94th Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Atlanta, GA 2-6 February 2014.

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, N.R. Van Zandt, and P.R. Donnelly, " Thermal Blooming and Distortion Number Re-visited: A World-wide Analysis," 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.

Krizo, M.J., S.T. Fiorino, and R. Hampton, " Upgrades to the AFIT AAPT for Improved Tracking in Transonic AAOL-T Flights," 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.

Jose, F., J.E. McCrae, S.T. Fiorino, J. Wyman, M. Steinbock, M. Hyde and G. Tyler, " An Experimental Testbed for Phasing an Optical Array on a Remote Rough Surface," 8th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA, 26-29 Aug 2013.

Steinbock, M.J., G.A. Tyler, N. Steinhoff, M. Hyde, and S.T. Fiorino, " HiPATSim: high fidelity modular phased array simulation tool," Directed Energy Professional Society (DEPS) Beam Control Conference, p. 16, Monterey, CA, 26 - 30 Aug 2013.

Fiorino S.T., " Measurement of Cn2 Profiles from Weather Radar Data and other Microwave Signals and Conversion to Visible and NIR Cn2 Profiles," Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence (pcDVT), Imaging and Applied Optics Conference, Arlington VA, 24-26 June 2013. Invited

Basu S., M.W. Hyde, J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, " Scattering from a rough surface in presence of atmospheric turbulence," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8732-16) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April - 2 May 2013.

Van Zandt, N.R., J.E. McCrae, and S.T. Fiorino, " PITBUL: a physics-based modeling package for imaging and tracking of airborne targets for HEL applications including active illumination," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8732-18) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April - 2 May 2013.

McCrae, J.E., N.R. Van Zandt, S.J. Cusumano and S.T. Fiorino, " Simulation of atmospheric turbulence compensation through piston only phase control of a laser phased array," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8733-39) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 29 April - 2 May 2013.

Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, K.J. Keefer, S.M. Shirey, J.T. Engel, and B.J. Elmore, " Effectiveness of Using Gridded Forecast Data in Hyperspectral Radiative Transfer Analyses and High Energy Laser Mission Planning" (Poster),16th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, 93rd Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Austin, TX 6-10 January 2013.

Burchett, L.R., S.T. Fiorino, J.E. McCrae, M. Vorontsov, and T. Weyrauch, " Comparison of Cn2 Profiles from Weather Radar Data to Coherent Multi-Beam Atmospheric Transceiver (COMBAT) Experiments," Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.

Van Zandt, N.R. K.J. Keefer, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, " World-wide Variability Analysis of Combined Thermal Blooming - Turbulence Effects Applying Standard Model, Probabilistic Climatology, and Numerical Forecast Atmospheric Profiles," Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.

Basu, S., M.W. Hyde, S.J. Cusumano, M.A. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, " Validity of using Gaussian Schell Model for Scattering of a Fully Coherent Beam from a Rough Impedance Surface," Directed Energy Professional Society 15th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM, 26-30 November 2012.

Fiorino, S.T. M.F. Via, S.M. Shirey, and D.J. Grahn, " Band Model, Path Radiance, Aerosol & Forecast Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package," UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.

McCrae, J.E., S.J. Cusumano, N.R. Van Zandt, and S.T. Fiorino, " Optimization of Laser Array Amplitude and Phase for Power-in-the Bucket Metrics," UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.

Fiorino, S.T., K.J. Keefer, and N.R. Van Zandt, and S.T. Fiorino, " World-wide Performance Variability of Tactically-Employed High Energy Laser Systems," UK/US Directed Energy Symposium, Swindon, UK, 8-12 October 2012.

Fiorino, S.T., M.F. Via, S.M. Shirey, and D.J. Grahn, " Band Model, Path Radiance, Aerosol & Forecast Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package," 34th Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, 12 June 2012.

Fiorino, S.T., S.M. Shirey, M.F. Via, D.J. Grahn, and M.J. Krizo, " Potential Impacts of Elevated Aerosol Layers on High Energy Laser Aerial Defense Engagements," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800T-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Beauchamp, R.L. and S.T. Fiorino, " Propagation of laser light through aero-optic flow: dry air at 0.4 Mach with three-dimensional turret," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800M-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Roth, B.D. and S.T. Fiorino, " LADAR Performance Simulations with a High Spectral Resolution

Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance Model - LEEDR," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8379 83790O-15) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, R.J Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, " High energy laser tactical decision aid (HELTDA) for mission planning and predictive avoidance," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8381 83811L-14) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Burchett, L.R., S.T. Fiorino, and M. Buchanan, " Automation of Cn2 Profile Extraction from Weather Radar Images," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800I-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Basu S., S.J. Cusumano, M.W. Hyde, M.A.. Marciniak, and S.T. Fiorino, " Validity of using Gaussian Schell model for extended beacon studies," (Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8380 83800E-1) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 April 2012.

Burchett, L.R and S.T. Fiorino, " Atmospheric Cn2 Measurement Using Cell Phone Signals," 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Gaithersburg, MD, 2-5 April 2012.

Roth, B.D. and S.T. Fiorino, " LADAR Performance Simulations With a High Spectral Resolution Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance Model - LEEDR," 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Gaithersburg, MD, 2-5 April 2012.

Burley, J.L., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, " High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid Status Update," Directed Energy Professional Society 14th Annual DE Symposium, La Jolla, CA, 14-18 November 2011.

Via, M.F., R.M. Randall, S.T. Fiorino, and A.D. Downs, " Surface Observations Input and Band Model Validation in LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package," 33rd Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 15 June 2011.

Randall, R.M., S.T. Fiorino, M.F. Via, and A.D. Downs, " Validation of Technique to Hyperspectrally Characterize the Lower Atmosphere with Limited Surface Observations," (Proc. SPIE, 8038, 803807) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 25-29 April 2011.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar for Laser Applications," 6th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 28 March -1 April 2011.

Beauchamp, R.L. and S.T. Fiorino, " Propagation of Laser Light Through Aero-Optical Flow: Preliminary Investigation of Moist Air with Aerosols," 6th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 28 March -1 April 2011.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Three-dimensional optical turbulence assessments from doppler weather radar for laser applications" (Poster),15th Symposium on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), 91st Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Seattle, WA 23-27 January 2011.

Randall, R.M, B.M. Herman, S.T. Fiorino, " Temporal Variability of the Atmospheric Zero Trend Level" (Poster), 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, 91st Annual American Meteorological Society Meeting, Seattle WA, 23-27 January 2011.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, J. Woyak and S.J. Cusumano, " Development of a High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid (HELTDA) for Mission Planning and Predictive Avoidance," Directed Energy Professional Society 13th Annual DE Symposium, Bethesda MD, 15-19 November 2010.

Spencer, M.F., S.J. Cusumano, J.D. Schmidt and S.T. Fiorino, " Impact of temporal resolution on thermal blooming phase compensation instability," Directed Energy Professional Society 13th Annual DE Symposium, Bethesda MD, 15-19 November 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, J.D. Haiducek, M.F. Spencer, and S.J. Cusumano, " Field Measurements and Comparisons to Simulations of High Energy Laser Propagation and Off-Axis Scatter," (Proc. SPIE 7814, 781424) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

Spencer, M.F., S.J. Cusumano, J.D. Schmidt, and S.T. Fiorino, " Impact of spatial resolution on thermal blooming phase compensation instability," (Proc. SPIE 7816, 781608) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

Yarbrough A., M. Mendenhall, and S. Fiorino, " Measuring the error between actual and estimated atmospherics and the effect on estimating reflectance profiles." Proceedings 2010 IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 3588-3591, July 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, D.P. Ranney, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, S.J. Cusumano, and E.P. Magee, " Band Model and Surface Observation Input Updates to the LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization Package," 32nd Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 14 June 2010.

Magee, E.P., S.T. Fiorino, R.M. Randall, D.P. Ranney, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Models for Laser Propagation using Customized LEEDR Atmospheric Characterization," 32nd Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 14 June 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " High Energy Laser Tactical Decision Aid (HELTDA) for Predictive Avoidance," 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., A.D. Downs, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar for Laser Applications," 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.

Bowers, J., S.T. Fiorino, S.J. Cusumano, and A. Lofthouse, " Numerical Investigation of Statistical Turbulence Effects on Beam Propagation Through 2-D Laminar Shear Layer," 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.

Leakeas C.L., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, " Enhanced Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures Turbulence and Thermal Blooming Effects," 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.

Cusumano, S.J., V. Velten, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.T. Fiorino, " Track Algorithm Performance Against Tactical Targets in Clutter," 5th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 12-16 April 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., P.M. Grice, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, J.D. Haiducek, and S.J. Cusumano, " Lab Measurements to Support Modeling Terahertz Propagation in Brownout Conditions," (Proc. SPIE, 7671, 767131) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., J.D. Haiducek, C.A. Rice, A.D. Downs, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.J. Cusumano, " Field and Laboratory Validation of Surface Layer Optical Turbulence and Off-Axis Irradiance," (Proc. SPIE, 7685, 768513) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.

Leakeas C.L., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, " Effects of Thermal Blooming on Systems Comprised of Tiled Subapertures," (Proc. SPIE, 7696B, 7696B40) SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium, Orlando, FL, 5-8 April 2010.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, R.J. Bartell, A. Downs, P. Chu, and C.W. Fan, " Climate Change: Anticipated Effects on HEL Weapon Systems in Maritime Environments," Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.

McCue, J., S.J. Cusumano, M.J. Krizo, R.J. Bartell, and S.T. Fiorino, " Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures," Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, J. Haiducek, C. Rice, P. Grice, A. Downs, and S.J. Cusumano " Field and Laboratory Validation of Surface Layer Optical Turbulence, Off-Axis Irradiance, and Desert Sand Optical Properties Models," Directed Energy Professional Society 12th Annual DE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, 2-6 November 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., R.M. Randall, F.J. Echeverria, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Effectiveness Assessment of Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL) Engagement Scenarios in the Troposphere," 6th AIAA Biennial National Forum on Weapon System Effectiveness, Tucson, AZ, 22 September 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, C. Cummings, and S.J. Cusumano, " Aerosol Optical Properties and Index of Refraction Updates to the LEEDR Worldwide, Hyperspectral Atmospheric Characterization Package," 31st Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 17 June 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, S.L. Marek, M.J. Bohn, R.M. Randall, and S.J. Cusumano, " A Computational Tool for Evaluating THz Imaging Performance in Brownout Conditions at Land Sites throughout the World," (Proc. SPIE, 7324, 732410) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, 16 April 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., J.J. Cohen, B. McClung, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Broad Spectrum, Three-Dimensional Optical Turbulence Assessments from Doppler Weather Radar," 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 6-10 April 2009.

Krizo, M.J., R.J. Bartell, J.J. McCue, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, " Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures-Status," 7th DEPS Systems Symposium, Monterey CA, 6-10 April 2009.

Fiorino, S.T., B. McClung, J.J Cohen, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, " Broad Spectrum Overland Surface Boundary Layer Optical Turbulence Assessments from Climatological Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind," Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.

Krizo, M.J., R.J. Bartell, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, " Development of a Performance Model of Laser Weapon Systems Comprised of Multiple Tiled Subapertures," Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.

Bartell, R.J., T.R. Harris, M.J. Krizo, S.T. Fiorino, and S.J. Cusumano, " Assessment of Track Algorithm Performance vs Tactical Targets in Clutter as a Function of SWIR Track Sensor Characteristics," Directed Energy Professional Society 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, HI, 17-20 November 2008.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, and S.J. Cusumano, " Validation of a worldwide physics-based high-spectral resolution atmospheric characterization and propagation package for UV to RF wavelengths," (Proc. SPIE 7090, 70900I) SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2008.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, K.P. Moore, and S.J. Cusumano, " Comparison of a Worldwide, Hyperspectral Atmospheric Characterization Package to Measurements and MODTRAN," 30th Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models Meeting, Lexington, MA, 10-12 June 2008.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Propagation variability assessments of ship defense HEL and HPM performance in worldwide maritime boundary layer environments at wavelengths of 1.0642 µ m, 2.141 µ m, 3.16 mm and 12.2 cm," (Proc. SPIE 6951, 69510G) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2008.

Krizo, M.J., S.J. Cusumano, R.J. Bartell, Fiorino, S.T., W.F. Bailey, R.L. Beauchamp, M.A. Marciniak, and K.P. Moore, " A worldwide physics-based high-spectral resolution atmospheric characterization and propagation package for UV to RF wavelengths," (Proc. SPIE 6966, 696619) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2008.

Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Comparison of HEL Effective Range and Target Tracking Range as a Function of Aperture Diameter Over Diverse Low Altitude Scenarios," DEPS 6th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2008.

Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, and M.J. Krizo, " Comparison of Peak Irradiance and Power-in-the-Bucket Predictions Among Several Performance Models and WaveOptics Codes Over Diverse Low Altitude Operating Regimes," DEPS 6th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2008.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, " A First Principles Atmospheric Propagation & Characterization Tool: The Laser Environmental Effects Definition and Reference (LEEDR)," (Proc. SPIE 6878, 68780B) SPIE Photonics West, Laser Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE), San Jose, CA, January 2008.

Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, " Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of LADAR and RADAR Performance for Diverse Low Altitude Atmospheric Environments," MSS National Symposium, Nellis AFB, NV, 27 November 2007.

Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.L. Caylor, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, " Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of Atmospheric Extinction for Multiple Microwave/RF Frequencies in Low Altitude Tactical Scenarios," Directed Energy Professional Society 10th Annual DE Symposium, Huntsville, AL, 5-8 November 2007.

Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, G.P. Perram, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, and S.J. Cusumano, " Worldwide Mission Planning Tool for Tactical High Energy Laser Systems Operating at Wavelengths Up to 14 ?m," 5th AIAA Biennial National Forum on Weapon System Effectiveness, Huntsville, AL, 15-16 October 2007.

Fiorino, S.T. R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, K.P. Moore, T.R. Harris, S.J. Cusumano, R. Richmond, and M.J. Gebhardt, " Worldwide Uncertainty Assessments of LADAR Performance for Diverse Low Altitude Atmospheric Environments at 1.064 ?m and 1.557 ?m," MSS Active E-O Systems, Atlanta, GA, 25-27 September 2007.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, B.W. Wisdom, and S.J. Cusumano, " Worldwide Estimates and Uncertainty Assessments of Laser Propagation for Diverse Geometries for Paths in the Altitude Regime of 3 km and Below at Wavelengths of 0.355 ?m to 10.6 ?m," (Proc SPIE 6551-03) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, April 2007.

Wisdom, B.W., S.T. Fiorino, R.J. Bartell, M.J. Krizo, and S.J. Cusumano, " Assessment of Optical Turbulence Profiles Derived from Probabilistic Climatology," 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, M.J., J.E. McCrae, and S.J. Cusumano, " Assessment of High Energy Laser Delivered Irradiance Derived from Off-Axis Atmospheric Scatter," DEPS 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, D.J. Fedyk, B.W. Wisdom, and S.J. Cusumano, " Uncertainty Assessments of Ship Defense High Energy Laser Performance in Various Worldwide Maritime Environments at Wavelengths of 1.045 ?m, 1.625 ?m, and 2.141 ?m," DEPS 5th Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Monterey, CA, March 2007.

Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, Cusumano S.J., E.P. Magee, M.R. Whiteley, and A. Ngwele " Comparison of Peak Irradiance and Power-in-the-Bucket Predictions Among Several Scaling Law Models and WaveOptics Codes Over Diverse Low Altitude Operating Regimes" Directed Energy Professional Society 9th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM 30 Oct - 2 Nov 2006.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, J.D. Eckel, M.J. Krizo, S.J. Cusumano, " Application and Impacts of Ground-to-Space Cloud Free Line of Sight Probabilities to Air-to-Ground High Energy Laser Engagement Scenarios" Directed Energy Professional Society 9th Annual DE Symposium, Albuquerque, NM 30 Oct - 2 Nov 2006.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, L.E. Gravley, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and K.B. Le, " Expected Worldwide Laser Performance in Spectrally Diverse Near Earth Scenarios in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants" Military Sensing Symposia Active E-O System Symposium, Monterey CA, 26-28 Sep 2006.

Gravley, L.E., S.T. Fiorino, and R.J. Bartell, " Comparison of Climatological Optical Turbulence Profiles to Standard, Statistical, and Numerical Models Using HELEEOS" Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.

Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, L.E. Gravley, E.P. Magee, M.R. Whiteley, and A. Ngwele " Evaluation of Phase-Only Adaptive Optics Efficacy Over a Diverse Range of Operating Regimes, Part II" Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.

Belton, S.L., S.T. Fiorino, and R.J. Bartell, " The Simulation of Off-Axis Laser Propagation using HELEEOS" Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, and S. Hammel, " Comparison of HELEEOS Systems Model Results to Analysis of a Maritime HEL Propagation Study Utilizing Several Independent Models and Databases" Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, M.J. Krizo, L.E. Gravley, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and K.B. Le, " Expected Performance of High Energy Lasers Operating Under Geographically and Spectrally Diverse Conditions for Oblique Near Earth Scenarios in the Presence of Common Atmospheric Obscurants" Directed Energy Professional Society 1st Annual Systems Symposium, Monterey, CA 20-24 March 2006.

Bartell, R.J., S.T. Fiorino, G.P. Perram, S.N. Long, M.J. Krizo, T.P. Huster, J.P. Cheney, and L.E. Gravley, " Methodology for Estimation of Variance in High Energy Laser System Performance Due to Spatial and Temporal Climatological Effects from 0.355 ?m - 14 ?m" Directed Energy Professional Society 8th Annual Directed Energy Symposium, Lihue, HI, 14-18 November 2005.

Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, D.W. Bunch, M.J. Krizo, and L.E. Gravley, " Methodology for Comparing Worldwide Performance of Diverse Weight-Constrained High Energy Laser Systems" (Proc SPIE 5792) SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 2005.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, Z.P. Manning, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, D.W. Bunch and L.E. Gravley, " Critical Assessment of Relative Humidity and Aerosol Effects on Lower Atmospheric High Energy Laser Engagement" 3rd Annual Directed Energy Professional Society Modeling and Simulation Conference, Tampa, FL, March 2005.

Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, Z.P. Manning, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.J. Houle, M.J. Krizo, D.W. Bunch and L.E. Gravley, " Evaluation of Phase-Only Adaptive Optics Efficacy Over a Diverse Range of Operating Regimes" Directed Energy Professional Society 2005 Modeling & Simulation Conference, Tampa, FL, 14-17 March 2005.

Fiorino, S.T., R.J. Bartell, G.P. Perram, D.W. Bunch, L.E. Gravely, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, and M.J. Krizo, " The HELEEOS Atmospheric Effects Package: A Probabilistic Method for Evaluating Uncertainty in Low-Altitude High Energy Laser Effectiveness" Directed Energy Professional Society 7th Annual Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 2004.

Bartell, R.J., G.P. Perram, S.T. Fiorino, S.N. Long, M.A. Marciniak, C.A. Rice, Z.P. Manning, S.T. Hascke, D.W. Bunch, and M.J. Krizo, " Comparison of Weight-Constrained Chemical and Solid State Laser Performance for Air-to-Ground Tactical Scenarios Under Many Atmospheric Conditions" Directed Energy Professional Society 7th Annual Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 2004.

Smith E.A., S.T. Fiorino, " Use of Collocated KWAJEX Satellite, Aircraft, and Ground Measurements for Understanding Ambiguities in TRMM Radiometer Rain Profile Algorithm" American Meteorological Society 12th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Long Beach, CA, 8-13 February 2003.

Smith E.A., S.T. Fiorino, A. Mugnai, G. Panegrossi, and G Tripoli, " Microphysics, Meteorology, Microwaves, & Modeling of Mediterranean Storms: The M5 Problem" European Geosciences Union 3rd Plinius Conference on Mediterranean Storms, Barja Sardinia, Italy 1-3 October 2001.

Fiorino, S.T., D.L. Parks, " Regional and Worldwide Atmospheric Profiles for MERIT" Proceedings - Institute of Environmental Sciences, 1995.

Czuchna, J.S., D.L. Parks, S.T. Fiorino, C.L. Weaver, and F.W. Youkhana, " An Approach for Modeling Worldwide Climatic Environments" Proceedings - Institute of Environmental Sciences, 1994.

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