Dr. Michael A Temple
Professor

 

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Comm: 937-255-3636 x4279
DSN: 785-3636 x4279
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Research interests include passive emitter identification, tracking and location using RF Distinct Native Attribute (RF-DNA) fingerprinting in support of RF Intelligence (RFINT) program objectives.  As adopted to support numerous related research activities, RF-DNA fundamentals have expanded to include Wired Signal DNA (WS-DNA) and Constellation Based DNA (CB-DNA) discrimination.  Primary emphasis remains focused on commercial communication devices with reliable, human-like discrimination achieved for many signal types (WiFi, WiMAX, ZigBee, ZWave, Ethernet, and SatCom).

Education

Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1993.
Master of Science in Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 1986.
Bachelor of Science in Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 1985.

Publications

 

Book Chapters:

  1. T.J. Carbino, M.A. Temple, and J. Lopez, Jr., “A Comparison of PHY-Based Fingerprinting Methods Used to Enhance Network Access Control,” ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer Int’l Pub, ISBN 978-3-319-18466-1, Vol. 455, pp. 204-217, May 2015.
  2. C.K. Dubendorfer, B.W. Ramsey, M.A. Temple, “ZigBee Device Verification For Securing Industrial Control and Building Automation Systems,” Critical Infrastructure Protection VII, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 47-62, Dec 2013.

Journal Publications:

  1. T.J. Bihl, K.W. Bauer, M.A. Temple, “Feature Selection for RF Fingerprinting with MDA and Using ZigBee Device Emissions,” IEEE Trans on Info Forensics & Security, Vol 11, Issue 8, pp. 1862-1874, Aug 2016.
  2. M.W. Lukacs, A. Zequollari, P.J. Collins, M.A. Temple, “RF-DNA Fingerprinting for Antenna Classification," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 14, pp. 1455-1458, (2015 IEEE APS Piergiorgio L.E. Uslenghi Prize Paper Award).
  3. J. Lopez Jr., M.A. Temple, B.E. Mullins, “Exploitation of HART Wired Signal Distinct Native Attribute (WS-DNA) Features to Verify Field Device Identity and Infer Operating State," Springer LNCS, Vol. 8985, pp 24-30, Mar 2015.
  4. B.W. Ramsey, B.E. Mullins, M.A Temple, M. Grimalia, “Wireless Intrusion Detection and Device Fingerprinting through Preamble Manipulation," IEEE Trans on Dependable and Secure Computing, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 585-596, Sep/Oct 2015.
  5. D.R. Riesing, M.A. Temple and J.A. Jackson, “Authorized and Rogue Device Discrimination Using Dimensionally Reduced RF-DNA Fingerprints," IEEE Trans on Info Forensics and Security, Vol. 10, Issue. 6, pp. 1180-1192, Jun 2015.
  6. Stone, M.A. Temple, Baldwin, “Detecting Anomalous PLC Behavior Using RF-Based Hilbert Transform Features and a Correlation-Based Verification Process," Int’l Jour Critical Infrastructure Protection, Vol. 9, pp. 41-51, Jun 2015.
  7. M.W. Lukacs, Collins, M.A. Temple, "Classification Performance using "RF-DNA" Fingerprinting of Ultra-Wideband Noise Waveforms," IET Electronic Letters, Vol. 51, Issue. 10, pp. 787-789, May 2015.
  8. H.J. Patel, M.A. Temple, R.O. Baldwin, "Improving ZigBee Device Network Authentication Using Ensemble Decision Tree Classifiers with RF-DNA Fingerprinting," IEEE Trans on Reliability, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 221-233, Mar 2015.
  9. B.W. Ramsey, T. Stubbs, B.E. Mullins, M.A. Temple, Buckner, "Wireless Critical Infrastructure Protection Using Low-Cost RF Fingerprinting Receivers," Int'l Jour of Critical Infrastructure Protection (IJCIP), Vol. 8, pp. 27-39, Jan 2015.
  10. H.J. Patel, M.A. Temple, R.O. Baldwin, B.W. Ramsey, “Introduction of a Random Forest Classifier to ZigBee Device Network Authentication Using RF-DNA Fingerprinting, Jour of Information Warfare (JIW), Vol. 13, Issue: 3, pp. 33-45, 2014.
  11. D. Montminy, R.O. Baldwin, M.A. Temple, “Differential Electromagnetic Attacks on a 32-bit Microprocessor Using Software Defined Radios, IEEE Trans on Info Forensics & Security,” Vol. 8, Issue. 12, pp. 2101-2114, Dec 2013.
  12. D. Montminy, R.O. Baldwin,  M.A. Temple, and E. Laspe, “Improving Cross-Device Attacks Using Zero-Mean Unit-Variance Normalization, Jour of Cryptologic Engineering, Springer, Vol 3, No. 2, pp. 99-110, Jun 2013.
  13. X. Li, S. Hong, V. Chakravarthy, M.A. Temple, and Z. Wu, “Intercarrier Interference Immune SC-OFDM via Magnitude-Keyed Modulation for High Speed Aerial Vehicle Communication,” IEEE Trans on Comm, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 658-668, Dec 2012.
  14. S.J. Stone, M.A. Temple, “RF-Based Anamoly Detection for PLCs in Critical Infrastructure Apps,” Int’l Jour on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Vol 5, No. 2, pp. 66-73, Jul 2012.
  15. W.E. Cobb, E.D. Lapse, R.O. Baldwin, M.A. Temple, and Y.C. Kim, “Intrinsic Physical Layer Authentication of Integrated Circuits with RF-DNA Fingerprinting, IEEE Trans Info Forensics & Security, Special Issue: Integrated Circuit & Sys Security, Vol 7, No 1, Feb 2012, pp. 14-24.
  16. P.K. Harmer, M.A. Temple, M.D. Buckner, E. Farquhar, “4G Security Using Physical Layer RF-DNA with DE-Optimized LFS Classification, J. of Communications: Advances in Communications and Networking, Vol 6, No. 9, Dec 2011, pp. 671-681.
  17. V. Chakravarthy, X. Li, R. Zhou, Z. Wu, M.A. Temple, “Novel Overlay/Underlay CRWaveforms Using SD-SMSE Framework to Enhance Spectrum Efficiency – Part II: Analysis in Fading Channels,” IEEE Trans on Comm, 58:6:1868-1876, Jun 2010.
  18. D.R. Reising, M.A. Temple, and M.J. Mendenhall, Improved Wireless Security for GMSK-Based Devices Using RF Fingerprinting, Int’l Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics (IJESDF), 3:1:41-59, Mar 2010.
  19. R.W. Klein, M.A. Temple, and M.J. Mendenhall, “Application of Wavelet Denoising to Improve OFDM-Based Signal Detection and Classification," Journal on Security and Communication Networks: Special Issue on Security in Next Generation Wireless Networks, Wiley Interscience, Feb 2009.
  20. W.C. Suski, M.A. Temple, M.J. Mendenhall, and R.F. Mills, "Radio Frequency (RF) Fingerprinting Commercial Communication Devices to Enhance Electronic Security," Int'll Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics (IJESDF), Vol. 1, No. 3, Oct 2008, pp. 301-322.
  21. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, R.A. Raines, R.F. Mills, and M.E. Oxley, “Communication Waveform Design Using an Adaptive SMSE Framework,” IEEE Jour of Sel Topics in Signal Processing, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jun 2007, pp.203-213.
  22. P. Baizert, T.B. Hale, M.A. Temple, and M.C. Wicks,“Forward-Looking Radar GMTI Benefits Using a Linear Frequency Diverse Array,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 42, No. 22, Oct 2006, pp. 1311-1312.
  23. M.L. Robert, M.A. Temple, R.F. Mills, and R.A. Raines, “Interference Suppression Characterisation for Spectrally Modulated, Spectrally Encoded Signals,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 42, No. 19, Sep 2006, pp. 1103-1104.
  24. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, R.F. Mills, and R.A. Raines, “Evolution of the Air Interface of Cellular Communications Systems Towards 4G Realization,” IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, Vol. 8, No. 1, Mar 2006, pp. 2-23.
  25. M.A. Temple, K.L. Sitler, R.A. Raines, and J.A. Hughes, “HRR Improvement Using Synthetic HRR Processing with Stepped-Frequency Polyphase Coding,” IEE Proceedings: Radar, Sonar, and Navigation, Vol. 151, No. 1, Feb 2004, pp. 41-47.
  26. A. Guner, M.A. Temple, and R.L. Claypoole, Jr., “Direct-Path Filtering of the Digital Audio Broadcast (DAB) Waveform from the Passive Coherent Location (PCL) Receiver Target Channel,” IEE Elect Letters, Vol. 39, No. 1, Jan 2003, pp. 118-119.
  27. C.M. Canadeo, M.A. Temple, R.O. Baldwin, and R.A. Raines, “UWB Multiple Access Performance in Synchronous and Asynchronous Networks,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 39, No. 11, Jan 2003, pp. 880-882.
  28. T.B. Hale, M.A. Temple, J.F. Raquet, M.E. Oxley, and M.C. Wicks, “Localised Three-Dimensional Adaptive Spatial-Temporal Processing for Airborne Radar,” IEE Proceedings: Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Special Edition: Best Radar Technologies of 2002, Vol. 150, No. 1, Feb 2003, pp. 18-22.
  29. T.B. Hale, M.A. Temple, M.E. Oxley, and M.C. Wicks, “Performance Characterization of a Hybrid STAP Architecture Incorporating Elevation Interferometry,” IEE Proceedings: Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 149, No. 2, Apr 2002, pp. 77-82.
  30. K.L. Sitler, M.A. Temple, R.C. Novack, and J.A. Hughes, “High Range Resolution Profiling Using Phase-Coded, Stepped Frequency Waveforms,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 38, No. 1, 3 Jan 2002, pp. 46-48.
  31. J.M. Anderson, M.A. Temple, and M.E. Oxley, “Nonlinear Suppression of Range Ambiguities in Pulse-Diverse Radar,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 37, No. 20, Sep 2001, pp. 1251-1253.
  32. 14. R.W. Klein, M.A. Temple, R.A. Raines, and R.L. Claypoole, “Interference Avoidance Communications Using Wavelet Domain Transformation Techniques,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 37, No. 15, Jul 2001, pp. 987-989.
  33. T.B. Hale, M.A. Temple, and M.C. Wicks, “Clutter Suppression Using Elevation Inter-ferometry Fused with Space-Time Adaptive Processing,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 37, No. 12, Jun 2001, pp. 793-795.

Conference Publications:

  1. C.M. Talbot, M.A. Temple, T.J. Carbino, Securing Insteon Home Automation Systems Using Radio Frequency Distinct Native Attribute (RF-DNA),  12th Int’l Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS17), Dayton OH, Mar 2017.
  2. T.J. Bihl, M.A. Temple, K.W. Bauer, An Optimization Framework for Generalized Relevance Learning Vector Quantization with Application to Z-Wave Device Fingerprinting, Hawaii Int’l Conf on Sys Sciences (HICSS17), Jan 2017,.
  3. T.J. Carbino, M.A. Temple, J. Lopez, “Conditional Constellation Based-Distinct Native Attribute (CB-DNA) Fingerprinting for Network Device Authentication," 2016 IEEE Int’l Communications Conf (ICC 2016), Malaysia, May 2016, 39% Sel Rate.
  4. T.J. Bihl, M.A. Temple, K.W. Bauer, B.W. Ramsey, “Dimensional Reduction Analysis for PHY Layer Device Fingerprints with Application to ZigBee and Z-Wave Devices,” 2015 Military Comm Conf (MILCOM15), Tampa FL, 26-28 Oct 2015.
  5. M.W. Lukacs, P.J. Collins, M.A. Temple, Device Classification Performance Modeling Using UWB Stimulated “RF-DNA” Finger-printing 2015 Int’l Sym on Antennas & Propagation (APS/URSI), VanCouver, BC, Canada, Jul 2015.
  6. T.J. Carbino, M.A. Temple, J. Lopez, “A Comparison of PHY-Based Fingerprinting Methods to Enhance Network Access,”  2015 Int’l Conf on Sys Security and Privacy (IFIP-SEC), Hamburg, GE, pp. 204-217, May 2015.
  7. T.J. Carbino, M.A. Temple, T.J. Bihl, Ethernet Card Discrimination Using Unintentional Cable Emissions and Constellation-Based Fingerprinting, Int’l Conf on Computing, Networking, and Communications Workshop (ICNC-CNC), Anaheim, CA.
  8. H.J. Patel, M.A. Temple, R.O. Baldwin, B.W. Ramsey, Application of Ensemble Decision Tree Classifiers to ZigBee Device Network Authentication Using RF?DNA Fingerprinting, Int’l Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security, Purdue Univ, Mar 2014.
  9. P.K. Harmer, D.R. Reising, M.A. Temple, J. Lopez, Jr., “Classifier Selection for Physical Layer Security Augmentation in Cognitive Radio Networks,” 2013 IEEE Int’l Conf on Communications (ICC13), Jun 2013, Budapest, Hungary.
  10. J. Guitierez, J.A. Jackson, M.A. Temple, “Receive Signal Processing for OFDM-Based Radar Imaging,” 38th Int’l Conf on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP13), May 2013, Vancouver Canada.
  11. P.K. Harmer, M.A. Temple, “An Improved LFS Engine for Physical Layer Security Augmentation in Cognitive Networks,” Int’l Conf on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC13), San Diego, CA, Jan 2013.
  12. Han, X. Li, M.A. Temple, and Z. Wu, “Intercarrier Interference Cancellation for Wideband OFDM in High Speed Aerial Vehicle Communication,” Int’l Conf on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC13), San Diego, CA, Jan 2013.
  13. B.W. Ramsey, M.A. Temple, B.E. Mullins, “PHY Foundation for Multi-Factor ZigBee Node Authentication,” 2012 IEEE Global Communications Conf (GLOBECOM12), Anaheim, CA, Dec 2012.
  14. M.B. Booth, S.O. Killpack, K.S. Kuciapinski, M.A. Temple,” (U)  RF-DNA Applied to Commercial SatCom,” 2012 Military Comm Conf (MILCOM12), Classified Proceedings, Orlando, FL, Oct 2012.
  15. C.K. Dubendorfer, B.W. Ramsey, M.A. Temple, “An RF-DNA Verification Process For ZigBee Networks,” 2012 Military Comm Conf (MILCOM12), Unclassified Proceedings, Orlando, FL, Oct 2012.
  16. D.R. Reising and M.A. Temple, “WiMAX Mobile Subscriber Verification Using Gabor-Based RF-DNA Fingerprints,” 2012 Int’l Communications Conference (ICC12), Ottawa, Canada, Jun12, pp. CISS:08-41- CISS:08-48.
  17. S. J. Stone and M.A. Temple, “RF-Based Anamoly Detection for PLCs,” 6th Annual Int’l Conf on Critical Infrastructure Protection, IFIP Working Group 11.10, Fort McNair, Washington D.C., Mar 2012, pp. VI11-VI18.
  18. D.R. Reising, M.A. Temple, and M.E. Oxley, “Gabor-Based RF-DNA Fingerprinting for Classifying 802.16e WiMAX Mobile Subscribers,” Int’l Conf on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC12), Jan 2012, pp. S21-S28.
  19. P.K. Harmer, M.D. Williams, and M.A. Temple, “Using DE-Optimized Learning From Signals Processing to Enhance 4G Communication Security,” Int’l Conf on Computer and Communication Networks (ICCCN11), Maui, Hawaii, Jul 2011.
  20. P.K. Harmer, M.A. Temple, M.D. Buckner, and E. Farquahar, “Using DE to Optimize LFS and Enhance Network Security,” Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conf (GECCO11), Dublin, Ireland, Jul 2011, Accepted: Mar 2011.
  21. M.D. Williams*, M.A. Temple, and D.R. Reising, “Augmenting Bit-Level Network Security Using Physical Layer RF DNA Fingerprinting,” IEEE Global Comm Conf on Wireless Info Nets and Sys (GLOBECOM10), Miami FL, Dec 10.
  22. M.D. Williams, S.A. Munns, M.A. Temple, and M.J. Mendenhall, “RF-DNA Fingerprinting for Airport WiMax Communications Security,” 4th Int’l Conf on Network and System Security (NSS10), 26% Sel for Presentation, Sydney Australia, Sep 10.
  23. K. Kuciapinski, M.A. Temple, and R.W. Klein “ANOVA-Based RF DNA Analysis: Identifying Significant Parameters for Device Classification,” Int’l Conf on Wireless Information Networks and Systems (WINSYS10), Athens Greece, Jul 2010.
  24. E.C. Like, M.A. Temple and Z. Wu, “Soft Decision Design of Spectrally Partitioned CI-SMSE Waveforms for Coexistent Applications,” 2010 IEEE Int’l Conf on Comm (ICC10), Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010.
  25. X. Li, E.C. Like, Z. Wu and M.A. Temple, “Highly Accurate Blind Carrier Frequency Offset Estimator for Mobile OFDM Systems,” 2010 IEEE Int’l Conf on Comm (ICC10), Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010.
  26. E.C. Like, M.A. Temple and Z. Wu, “Spectrally-Temporally Adapted SMSE Waveform Design Using Imperfect Channel Estimates,” IEEE Wireless Comm and Networking Conf (WCNC10), Sydney, Australia, Apr 2010.
  27. D.R. Reising, M.A. Temple and M.J. Mendenhall, “Improving Intra-Cellular Security Using Air Monitoring with RF Fingerprints,” IEEE Wireless Comm and Networking Conf (WCNC10), Sydney, Australia, Apr 2010.
  28. M.T. Woelfle, M.A. Temple, B.E. Mullins and M.J. Mendenhall, “Analyzing Bluetooth RF Fingerprints in Support of RF Intelligence,” 2009 Military Communications Conference (MILCOM09), Boston, MA, Oct 2009.
  29. E.C. Like and M.A. Temple, “Coexistent Intra-Symbol SMSE Waveform Design:  Variation in Waveform Update Latency and Update Rate,” 4th Int’l Conf on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks and Communications (CROWNCOM), Jun 2009.
  30. V. Chakravarthy, Z. Wu and M.A. Temple, A Novel Hybrid Overlay/Underlay Cognitive Radio Waveform in Frequency Selective Fading Channels,” 4th Int’l Conf on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Nets and Communications (CROWNCOM), Jun 2009.
  31. R.W. Klein, M.A. Temple, M.J. Mendenhall, and D.R. Reising, “Sensitivity Analysis of Burst Detection and RF Fingerprinting Classification Performance,” 2009 IEEE Int'll Conference on Communications (ICC09), Dresden, Germany, Jun 2009.
  32. E.C. Like, M.A. Temple, and S.C. Gustafson, “Adaptive Intra-Symbol SMSE Waveform Design Amidst Coexistent Primary Users,” 2009 IEEE Int'l Conference on Communications (ICC09), Dresden, Germany, Jun 2009.
  33. W.C. Suski, M.A. Temple, M.J. Mendenhall, and R.F. Mills, "Using Spectral Fingerprints to Improve Wireless Network Security," 2008 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM08), New Orleans, LA, Dec 2008.
  34. S.J. Hopp, M.A. Temple, B.E. Mullins, and R.O. Baldwin, "Coexistent Performance Characterization of a Simulated GMSK System Using Operational Parameters," 2008 Military Communicaitons Conf (MILCOM08), San Diego, CA, Nov 2008.
  35. J. Farooq, M.A. Temple, and M.A. Saville, "Exploiting Frequency Diverse Array Processing to Improve SAR Image Resolution," 2008 IEEE Radar Conference, Rome, Italy, May 2008.
  36. E.F. Richards, M.A. Temple, and K.D. Hicks, "Commercial 802.11 Wireless Link for Tactical Air to Ground Military Comm," 2007 Military Communications Conference (MILCOM07), Orlando, FL, 29-31 Oct 2007.
  37. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, and R.F. Mills, "An SMSE Implementation of CDMA with Partial Band Interference Suppression," 2007 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM07), Nov 2007.
  38. J. Farooq, M.A. Temple, M.A. Saville, and M.E. Oxley, "Application of Frequency Diverse Arrays to SAR Imaging," 2007 Int'l Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA07 Torino, Italy, Sep 2007.
  39. T.W. Beard, M.A. Temple, J.O. Miller, R.F. Mills, and J.F Raquet, "Using Genetic Algorithms for SMSE Waveform Design," 3rd IEEE Int'l Waveform Diversity & Design Conf (WDD07), Pisa, Italy, Jun 2007.
  40. T.W. Beard, M.A. Temple, and M.L. Roberts, “An Experimental Design Approach for Optimizing SMSE Waveforms to Minimize Coexistent Interference,” 2007 IEEE Int'll Conference on Communications (ICC07), Glasgow, Scottland, Jun 2007.
  41. J. Fowler, M.A. Temple, M.A. Havrilla, and J. Akerson, “Characterization of ZDC Removal Tech for ISAR Apps,” 2007 IEEE Radar Conference, Waltham, MA, Apr 2007.
  42. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, R.A. Raines, and D.J. Clabaugh, “Time Hopping Biorthogonal Pulse Position Modulation in Modified Saleh-Valenzuela UWB Channels,” 2006 Int'l Conference on UWB (ICUWB06), Waltham, MA, Sep 2006.
  43. P.M. Corbell, M.A. Temple, T.B. Hale, and M. Rangaswamy, “Forward-Looking Planar Array 3D-STAP Using Space Time Illumination Patterns,” 4th IEEE Workshop on Sensor Array and Multi-Channel Proc (SAM06), Waltham, MA, Jul 2006.
  44. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, M.E. Oxley, R.F. Mills, and R.A. Raines, “A Spectrally Modulated, Spectrally Encoded Analytic Framework for Carrier Interferometry Signals,” 2006 Int'l Wireless Comm and Mobile Computing Conference, Vancouver, Canada, Jul 2006.
  45. P.M. Corbell, M.A. Temple, T.B. Hale, W.P Baker, and M. Rangaswamy, “Heterogeneous Clutter Mitigation Using Adaptive Transmit Patterns,” 2006 Int'l Conference on Waveform Diversity & Design, Lihue, HI, Jan 2006.
  46. M.L. Roberts, M.A. Temple, M.E. Oxley, R.F. Mills, and R.A. Raines, “A General Analytic Framework for SMSE Signals,” 2006 Int'l Conference on Waveform Diversity & Design, Lihue, HI, Jan 2006.
  47. W.H. Mims, M.A. Temple, R.F. Mills, and B.D. Gronholz, “Spectral Sensing Ultra Wideband Signals Using a Down-Conver-ting Channelized Receiver,” 2005 IEEE Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks Conf (DYSPAN05), Baltimore, MD, Nov 2005.
  48. B.D. Gronholz, M.A. Temple, R.F. Mills, W.H. Mims, and T.D. Niedzwiecki, “Communication Channel Assessment: Detection of Ultra Wideband Signals Using a Channelized Receiver,” IEEE 2005 WIRELESSCOM, Maui, HI, Jun 2005.
  49. P.M.Corbell, M.A. Temple, T.B. Hale, W.P. Baker, and M. Rangaswamy, “Performance Improvement Using Interpulse Pattern Diversity with Space-Time Adaptive Processing,” 2005 Int'l Radar Conference, Arlington, VA, May 2005..
  50. A.S. Nunez, M.A. Temple, R.F. Mills, and R.A. Raines, “Interference Avoidance in Spectrally Encoded MA Communications Using MPSK Modulation,” 2005 IEEE Wireless Comm and Networking Conf (WCNC05), New Orleans, LA, Mar 2005.
  51. R.J. Backscheider, M.A.Temple, D.E. Wruck, and T.B. Hale, “Characterization of Radar Detection Performance in the Presence of Modern Signal Interference," 1st Int'l Conference on Waveform Div and Dsgn, Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov 2004.
  52. M.G. Glen, M.A. Temple, and T.B. Hale, “Multiple Access Interference Suppression Improvement for DSSS Systems Using Chip Waveform Shaping” 1st Int'l Conference on Waveform Diversity and Design, Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov 2004.
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