Dr. Scott R. Graham, Associate Professor of Computer Engineering

Director, Center for Cyberspace Research

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Contact:
Comm: 937-255-3636 x4581
DSN: 785-3636 x4581
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Education

Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2004

M.S., Electrical Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1999

B.S., Electrical Engineering, Brigham Young University, 1993

 

Awards

  • Air University Cat III Civilian of the Quarter (4th Qtr 2017)
  • AFIT Cat III Civilian of the Quarter (4th Qtr 2017)
  • AF Science & Engineering Team Award, 2011, 2010
  • IEEE Senior Member, 2011
  • Tau Beta Pi, Engineering Honor Society, 1998
  • Eta Kappa Nu, Electrical Engineering Honor Society, 1998

Publications

Journal Papers

  1. *Arnold, C.M, Nykl, S.L., Graham, S.R., Leishman, R.C., “Real-Time Structure from Motion with Planar Homography Estimation: A Real-Time Low-Bandwidth High-Resolution Variant for Aerial Reconnaissance.” Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation, accepted 7 Aug 21, to appear
  2. ^Simon, P.E., Graham, S.R., Talbot, C.M, Hayden, M.J, “Model for Quantifying the Quality of Secure Service”, MDPI Journal of Cybersecurity and Privacy, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 289–301, May 2021.
  3. ^Langehaug, T.J., Borghetti, B.J., Graham, S.R., “Classifying Co-Resident Computer Programs Using Information Revealed by Resource Contention”, ACM Digital Threats: Research and Practice, May 2021
  4. *Tullos, J.C., Graham, S.R., Jordan, J.D., Patel, P.P., “SPARC: Statistical Performance Analysis with Relevance Conclusions”, IEEE Open Journal of the Computer Society, vol 2, pp. 117-129, Feb 2021
  5. *Pettit, D.M., Graham, S.R., Sweeney, P.J., “Searching for Stars: Analyzing and Defining UAV Cyber Risk Assessments”, International Journal on Advances in Security, vol 13, no 1&2, Jul 2020
  6. ^Hamilton, N.S., Graham, S.R., Carbino, T.J., Petrosky, J.C., Betances, J.A., “Adaptive-Hybrid Redundancy with Error Injection”, MDPI Journal of Electronics, vol 8, no 11, p. 1266, Nov 2019
  7. *Roeber J. B., Nykl, S.L., Graham, S.R., “Assessment of Structure from Motion for Reconnaissance Augmentation and Bandwidth Usage Reduction”, Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation, vol 1, pp. 1-13, Apr 2019
  8. ^Badenhop, C.W., Graham, S.R., Mullins, B.E., Mailloux, L.O., “Looking Under the Hood of Z-Wave: Volatile Memory Introspection for the ZW0301 Transceiver”, ACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems, vol 3, issue 2, pp. 1-24, Mar 2019
  9. *Beyer, S.M., Mullins, B.E., Graham, S.R., Bindewald, J.M., “Pattern-of-Life Modeling in Smart Homes”, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol 5, issue 6, pp. 5317-5325, Dec 2018
  10. *Gutierrez, J.A., Bindewald, J.M., Graham, S.R., Rice, M.J., “Enabling Bluetooth Low Energy auditing through synchronized tracking of multiple connections”, International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, vol 18, pp. 58-70, Sep 2017
  11. *Reber, P.E., Graham, S.R., “Evaluating System on a Chip Design Security”, Journal of Information Warfare, vol 16, issue 3, Summer 2017
  12. ^Badenhop, C.W., Graham, S.R., Ramsey, B.W., Mullins, B.E., Mailloux, L.O., “The Z-Wave Routing Protocol and its Security Implications”, Elsevier Journal of Computers & Security, vol 68, pp. 112-129, Jul 2017
  13. *Harmon, D.F., *Reynolds, M.B., Graham, S.R., Hopkinson, K.M., “Integrating Disruption Prone Links Into Reliable Networks – A TCP Friendly Approach”, IET Communications, vol 6, issue 12, pp. 1702-1709, Aug 2012
  14. ^Kleeman, M.P., *Seibert, B.A., Lamont, G.B., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., “Solving Multicommodity Capacitated Network Design Problems using Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms”, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, vol 16, Issue 4, pp. 449-471, 2012
  15. *Stuckey, N.C., Vasquez, J.R., Graham, S.R., Hopkinson, K.M., Maybeck, P.S., “Stochastic Control of Computer Networks”, IET Control Theory and Applications, vol 6, issue 3, pp. 403-411, Feb 2012
  16. *Freris, N., Graham, S.R., Kumar, P.R., “Fundamental limits on synchronizing clocks over networks”, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol 56, no 2, pp. 1352-1364, Jun 2011
  17. *Llewellyn, L.C., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., “Distributed Fault-Tolerant Quality of Wireless Networks.” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol 10, no 2, pp. 175-190, Feb 2011
  18. *Coates, G.M., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., Kurkowski, S.H., “A Trust System Architecture for SCADA Network Security”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol 25, issue 1, pp. 158-169, Jan 2010
  19. ^Ford, T.C., Colombi, J.M., Jacques, D.R., Graham, S.R., “A General Method of Measuring Interoperability and Describing Its Impact on Operational Effectiveness.” Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation, Jul 2009
  20. ^Graham, S.R., *Baliga, G.B., Kumar P.R., “Abstractions, Architecture, Mechanisms, and a Middleware for Networked Control.” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol 54, no 7, pp. 1490-1503, Jul 2009
  21. ^Ford, T.C., Colombi, J.M., Jacques, D.R., Graham, S.R., “On the Application of Classification Concepts to Systems Engineering Design and Evaluation.” Journal of Systems Engineering, vol 12, no 2, 2009
  22. *Coates, G. M., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., Kurkowski, S.H., “Collaborative, Trust-Based Security Mechanisms for a National Utility Intranet.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol 23, no 3, Aug 2008

Refereed Conference Papers

  1. *Hintze, K.D., Graham, S.R., Dunlap, S.J., Sweeney, P.J., “InfiniBand Network Monitoring: Challenges and Possibilities”, 15th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2021
  2. *Mellish, R.W., Graham, S.R., Dunlap, S.J., Sweeney, P.J., “Anomaly Detection in Automation Controllers”, 15th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2021
  3. *Tullos, J.C., Graham, S.R., Patel, P.P., “Applied Analytical Model for Latency Evaluation of RISC-V Security Monitor”, 16th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2021), Cooksville, TN, Feb 2021
  4. #^Koranek, D.F., Hodson, D.D., Graham, S.R., “Zynq System-on-Chip DMA Messaging for Processor Monitoring”, 16th Intern’l Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2021), Cooksville, TN, Feb 2021
  5. Mellish, R.W., Graham, S.R., Dunlap, S.J.,“Network Forensics for Encrypted SCADA Device Programming Traffic”, 16th International Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2021), Cooksville, TN, Feb 2021
  6. #*Willburn, R.A., Graham, S.R., “Remote Memory Monitoring for Malware in a Talos II Architecture”, 16th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2021), Cooksville, TN, Feb 2021
  7. *Crow, D.R., Graham, S.R., Borghetti, B.J., Sweeney, P.J., “Empirical Dynamic Modeling as a Component of an Intrusion Detection System”, 14th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2020
  8. *Hayden, M.J, Graham, S.R., Betances, J.A., Mills, R.F., “Multi-Channel Security through Data Fragmentation”, 14th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2020
  9. *Mireles, L.E., Graham, S.R., Dunlap, S.J., Sweeney, P.J., Dallmeyer M.J., “Implications of Securing and Infiniband Network”, 14th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2020
  10. *Pettit, D.M., Graham, S.R., “Cybersecurity Risk Assessment for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles”, 14th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2020
  11. *Crow, D.R., Graham, S.R., Borghetti, B.J., “Fingerprinting Vehicles with CAN Bus Data Samples”, 15th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2020), Norfolk, VA, Feb 2020
  12. *Pettit, D.M., Dill, R., Graham, S.R., “Zero Stars: Analysis of Cybersecurity Risk of Small COTS UAVs”, IARIA SECUREWARE 19, Nice, France, Oct 2019
  13. ^Hamilton, N.S., Graham, S.R., Carbino, T.J., Petrosky, J.C., Betances, J.A., “Adaptive-Hybrid Redundancy for Rad-Hardening”, Proceedings of the IEEE 2019 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference (NAECON), IEEE, Jul 2019
  14. *Cintron, L.A., Graham, S.R., Hodson, D.D., Mullins, B.E. “Modeling Liability Data Collection Systems for Intelligent Transportation Infrastructure using Hyperledger Fabric”, 13th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2019
  15. *Hacker, K.L., Graham, S.R., Dunlap, S.J., “Vehicle Identification and Route Reconstruction via TPMS Data Leakage”, 13th International Conf on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2019
  16. *Lassiter, R. M., Graham, S.R., Carbino, T.J., Dunlap S.J., “Electronic Control Unit Discrimination Using Wired Signal Distinct Native Attributes (WS-DNA)”, 13th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2019
  17. *Schmitt, D.J., Graham, S.R., Sweeney, P.J., Mills, R.F., “A Cyber Vulnerability Assessment of Infiniband Networking”, 13th International Conf on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2019
  18. *Cintron, L.A., Graham, S.R., Hodson, D.D., Mullins, B.E., “Distributed-Ledger Based Event Attestation for Intelligent Transportation Systems”, 14th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2019), Stellenbosch, South Africa, Mar 2019
  19. *Hacker, K.L., Graham, S.R., “Preserving Privacy and Integrity in Automotive Tire Sensors”, 14th International Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2019), Stellenbosch, South Africa, Mar 2019
  20. ^Nolan, B.C., Graham, S.R., Mullins, B.E., Schubert-Kabban, C.M., “Unsupervised Time Series Extraction from Controller Area Network Payloads”, 2018 IEEE 88th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), Chicago, IL, USA, pp. 1-5, 2018
  21. *Beyer, S.M., Mullins, B.E., Graham, S.R., Bindewald, J.M., “Pattern-of-Life Modeling Using Data Leakage in Smart Homes”, SCI-300 Specialists’ Meeting (SM) on ‘Cyber Physical Security of Defense Systems’, Fort Walton Beach, FL, USA, May 2018
  22. *Willis, J.M., Mills, R.F., Mailloux, L.O., Graham, S.R., “MIL-STD-1553 Device Characterization using Organic Interface Functionality”, SCI-300 Specialists’ Meeting (SM) on ‘Cyber Physical Security of Defense Systems’, Fort Walton Beach, FL, USA, May 2018
  23. *Jeffries, B.M., Mullins, B.E., Graham, S.R., “Securing Critical Infrastructure: A Ransomware Study”, 12th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2018
  24. *Celebucki, D.J., Graham, S.R., Gunawardena, S., “Reversing A Lattice ECP3 FPGA for Bitstream Protection”, 12th International Conf on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2018
  25. *Bentjen, K.C., Graham, S.R., Nykl, S.L., “Introducing Persistent Human Control into a Reservation-Based Autonomous Intersection Protocol”, 12th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2018
  26. *Wolfe, C.L., Graham, S.R., Mills, R.F., Nykl, S.L., Simon, P.E., “Securing Data-in-Transit for Power-Limited Sensor Networks using Two-Channel Communication”, 12th International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2018
  27. *Wolfe, C.L., Graham, S.R., Simon, P.E. “Securing Data in Transit using Tunable Two Channel Communication”, 13th International Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2018), Washington, DC, USA, Mar 2018
  28. *Connors, J.W., Graham, S.R., Mailloux, L.O., “Cyber Synthetic Modeling for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Applications”, 13th International Conf on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2018), Washington, DC, USA, Mar 2018
  29. *Bentjen, K.C., Graham, S.R., Nykl, S.L. “Modelling Misbehaviour in Automated Vehicle Intersections in a Synthetic Environment”, 13th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2018), Washington, DC, USA, Mar 2018
  30. *Celebucki, D.J., Lin, A.C., Graham, S.R., “A Security Evaluation of Popular Internet of Things Protocols for Manufacturers”, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), Jan 2018
  31. *Willis, J.M., Mills, R.F., Mailloux, L.O., Graham, S.R., “Considerations for secure and resilient satellite architectures”, 2017 International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon U.S.), Washington, DC, USA, pp. 16-22, 2017
  32. ^Simon, P.E., Graham, S.R., “Potential Privacy Ramifications of Modern Vehicle Software and Firmware”, 12th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ECCWS 2017), Estonia, Jun 2017
  33. *Gutierrez, J.A., Bindewald, J.M., Graham, S.R., Rice, M.J., “Enabling Bluetooth Low Energy auditing through synchronized tracking of multiple connections”, International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, Arlington, VA, USA, Mar 2017
  34. *Potthoff, T.S., Graham, S.R., “Dynamic Attestation of Real-Time Systems”, 12th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2017), Fairborn, OH, USA, Mar 2017
  35. *Caberto, E.K., Graham, S.R., “A Method of Securing a Vehicle’s Controller Area Network”, 12th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2017), Fairborn, OH, USA, Mar 2017
  36. *Reber, P.E., Graham, S.R., “Security by Design in System on a Chip Applications”, 12th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2017), Fairborn, OH, USA, Mar 2017
  37. ^Simon, P.E., Graham, S.R., “Comparison of Real-Time, Mobile Data Bus Architectures”, 3rd International Workshop on Information Integration in Cyber Physical Sys (IICPS 2016), Jul 2016
  38. *Coates, G.M., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., Kurkowski, S.H., Collaborative, Trust-Based Security Mechanisms for a Regional Utility Intranet, IEEE General Power Meeting, Alberta, Canada, p. 1, Jul 2009
  39. *Coyne, M.E., Graham, S.R., Hopkinson K.M., Kurkowski, S.H., “A Methodology for Unit Testing Actors in Proprietary Discrete Event Based Simulations.” Winter Simulation Conference, pp. 1012-1019, Miami, FL, USA, Dec 2008
  40. *Belue, J.M., Kurkowski, S.H., Graham, S.R., Hopkinson, K.M., Thomas, R.W., *Abernathy, J.W., “Research and Analysis of Simulation-based Networks through Multi-Objective Visualization.” Winter Simulation Conference, Miami, FL, USA, pp. 1216-1224, Dec 2008
  41. *Compton, M.D., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., “The Network Tasking Order (NTO).” Military Communications Conference, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 1-7, Nov 2008
  42. ^Ford, T.C., Colombi, J.M., Jacques, D.R., Graham, S.R., “Measuring system interoperability: An i-Score Improvement.” Proceedings of the 6th Annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, Apr 2008
  43. ^Ford, T.C., Colombi, J.M., Jacques, D.R., Graham, S.R., “A Survey on Interoperability Measurement.” Proceedings of the 12th International Command and Control, Research and Technology Symposium, Newport, RI, USA, Jun 2007
  44. ^Kleeman, M.P., Lamont, G.B., Hopkinson, K.M., Graham, S.R., “Solving Multicommodity Capacitated Network Design Problems using a Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm.” Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE Computational Intelligence for Security and Defense Applications, Honolulu, HI, USA, pp. 33-41, Apr 2007
  45. ^Ford, T.C., Colombi, J.M., Jacques, D.R., Graham, S.R., “The Interoperability Score.” Proceedings of 5th Annual Conf on Systems Engineering Research, Hoboken, NJ, USA, Mar 2007
  46. *Stuckey, N.C., Vasquez, J.R., Graham, S.R., “Estimating Queue Size in a Computer Network Using an Extended Kalman Filter.” Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, USA, Mar 2007
  47. *Kautz, J.T., Mullins, B.E., Baldwin, R.O., Graham. S.R., “An Adaptable Energy-Efficient Medium Access Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks.” Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-40), Waikoloa, HI, USA,pp. 1-6, Jan 2007
  48. ^Kowshik S., ^Baliga, G.B., ^Graham, S.R., Sha L., “Co-Design Based Approach to Improve Robustness in Networked Control Systems.” Proceedings of the International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, Jun 2005
  49. ^Robinson, C.L., ^Baliga, G.B., ^Graham. S.R., Kumar, P.R., “Design patterns for robust and evolvable networked control.” Proceedings of 3rd Annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research, NJ, USA, Mar 2005
  50. ^Graham, S.R., Kumar, P.R., “Time in general-purpose control systems: The control time protocol and an experimental evaluation.”  Proceedings of the 43rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, pp. 4004–4009, Bahamas, 14-17 Dec 2004
  51. ^Baliga, G.B., ^Graham, S.R., Sha L., Kumar, P.R., “Service continuity in networked control using Etherware.” IEEE Distributed Systems Online, Sep 2004
  52. ^Baliga, G.B., ^Graham, S.R., Sha L., Kumar, P.R., “Etherware: Domainware for wireless control networks.” Proceedings of the 7th IEEE International Symposium on Object-oriented Realtime distributed Computing (ISORC 2004), pp. 155–162, Vienna, Austria, 12-14 May 2004

* Denotes Master's student authors, ^ Denotes PhD student authors, # Denotes “Best Paper/Presentation” 

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