Dr. Christine Schubert Kabban, Professor of Statistics

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Christine Schubert Kabban received the B.S. degree in Mathematics from the University of Dayton, M.S. in Applied Statistics from Wright State University and a PhD in Applied Mathematics from the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT).  She has been researching and practicing statistics for over 20 years in clinical, engineering, and statistical fields and is currently a Professor of Statistics in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics in the Graduate School of Engineering and Management at the Air Force Institute of Technology.

Her current work focuses in applications to structural health monitoring, target detection, and autonomous systems and networks with hierarchical and complex multi-dimensional data in addition to natural language processing.  She has over 150 publications in clinical, engineering and statistical journals and proceedings and is co-author of several book chapters including chapters on novel approaches in Structural Health Monitoring in Aerospace Structures, human monitoring systems, and social network analysis.  She is the 2022 recipient of the Air Force Gage H. Crocker Outstanding Professor Award, the 2020 Dean’s Distinguished Teaching Professor, the 2018 Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education (SOCHE) Faculty Excellence Award recipient, and 2017 award recipient from the Center for Human-Animal Interaction at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine for her contributions to advancing center research.  She has served as PI or co-PI on 25 externally funded research projects supporting work from agencies such as the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). 

In the classroom, Dr. Schubert Kabban has taught statistics courses to a wide range of science, engineering, and medical students on topics in statistical theory, nonlinear and linear regression and modeling, non-parametric techniques, and classification methods.  She has been an advisor or committee member for over 50 Doctoral and 20 Masters students.  She serves as Curriculum Chair and Academic Advisor of the Graduate Applied Mathematics Program.  In addition, Dr. Schubert Kabban consults extensively on statistical matters for a wide range of agencies and she serves as a member and statistical reviewer for the Wright Patterson Air Force Base Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).  She has served the broader professional community as a grant reviewer for AFOSR and reviewer for several professional journals.


PhD in Applied Mathematics

MS in Applied Statistics

MBA in Finance



Gage H. Crocker Outstanding Professor Award; Air Force Institute of Technology


Instructor of the Quarter, Winter 2021, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Air Force Institute of Technology


Dean’s Distinguished Teaching Professor, Air Force Institute of Technology

Graduate School of Engineering and Management 4th Qtr Team Award:  Teaching Evaluation Tool Team,


AFIT 4th Quarter Civilian Category III Award winner

Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education (SOCHE) Faculty Excellence Award


Appreciation Award for outstanding contribution to advancing Center Research, awarded from the Center for Human-Animal Interaction, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Medicine.


Instructor of the Quarter, Fall 2014, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Air Force Institute of Technology


Journal Papers Published (peer reviewed)


1. Maynard, L.M., Guo, S.S., Chumlea, W.C., Roche, A.F., Wisemandle, W.A., Zeller, C.M., Towne, B., and Siervogel, R.M.: Total-body and regional bone mineral content and areal bone mineral density in children aged 8-18 y:  The Fels Longitudinal Study. Am J Clin Nutr, 68:1111-1117, 1998. PMCID: PMID9808230.

2. Chumlea, W.C., Guo, S.S., Zeller, C.M., Reo, N.V., and Siervogel, R.M.: Total body water data for white adults 18 to 64 years of age:  The Fels Longitudinal Study. Kidney Int, 56:244-252, 1999. PMCID:PMID10411699.

3. Guo, S.S., Zeller, C., Chumlea, W.C., Roche, A.F., and Siervogel, R.M.: Aging, body composition, and lifestyle:  The Fels Longitudinal Study: 1929-1997. Am J Clin Nutr, 70(3):405-411, 1999. PMCID: PMID10479203



4. Chumlea, W.C., Guo, S.S., Zeller, C.M., Reo, N.V., Baumgartner, R.N., Garry, P.J., Wang, J., Pierson, R.N., Heymsfield, S.B., and Siervogel, R.M.: Total body water reference values and prediction equations for adults.  Kidney Int, 59:2250-2258, 2001. PMCID:PMID11380828.

5.  Sun, S.S., Schubert, C.M., Chumlea, W.C., Roche, A.F., Kulin, H., Lee, P.A., Himes, J., and Ryan, A.S. National estimates of the timing of sexual maturation and racial differences among U.S. children. Pediatrics, 110:911-919, 2002. PMCID: PMID12415029.

6. Chumlea, W.C., Schubert, C.M., Roche, A.F., Kulin, H., Lee, P.A., Himes, J.H., and Sun, S.S.: Age at menarche and racial comparisons in U.S. girls. Pediatrics, 111(1): 110-113, 2003. PMCID: PMID 12509562.

7.  Siervogel, R.M., Demerath, E.W., Schubert, C., Remsberg, K.E., Chumlea, W.C., Sun, S.S., Czerwinski, S.A., and Towne, B. Puberty and body composition. Horm Res, 60(S1): 36-45, 2003. PMCID: PMID12955016.

8. Remsberg, K.E., Demerath, E.W., Schubert, C.M., Chumlea, W.C., Sun, S.S., and Siervogel, R.M.: Early menarche and the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adolescent girls:  The Fels Longitudinal Study.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab,  90(5): 2718-2724, 2005. PMCID:PMID15728207.

9. Sun, S.S., Schubert, C.M., Chumlea, W.C., Kulin, H., Lee, P.A., and Himes, J.H.: Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children?  J Adolesc Health, 37(5): 345-355, 2005. PMCID: PMID16227118.

10. Schubert, C.M., Chumlea, W.C., Kulin, H., Lee, P.A., Himes, J.H., and Sun, S.S.: Concordant and discordant sexual maturation among U.S. children in relation to body weight and BMI.  J Adolesc Health,  37(5): 356-362, 2005. PMCID: PMID16227119.

11. Chumlea, W.C., Schubert, C.M., Reo, N., Sun, S.S., and Siervogel, R.M.: Total body water volume for white children and adolescents and anthropometric prediction equations:  The Fels Longitudinal Study.  Kidney Int, 68(5): 2317-2322, 2005. PMCID:PMID16221235.

12.  Schubert, C.M., Rogers, N.L., Remsberg, K.E., Sun, S.S., Chumlea, W.C., Demerath, E.W., Towne, B., and Siervogel, R.M.: Lipids, lipoproteins, lifestyle, adiposity and fat-free mass during middle age:  The Fels Longitudinal Study.  Int J Obes, 30(2): 251-260, 2006. PMCID: PMID16247511.

13.  Demerath, E.W., Schubert, C.M., Li, J., Maynard, L.M., Sun, S.S., Chumlea, W.C., Pickoff, A., Towne, B., Czerwinski, S.A., and Siervogel, R.M.: Do changes in body mass index percentile reflect changes in body composition in children? Data from the Fels Longitudinal Study.  Pediatrics, 117(3): 487-495, 2006. PMCID: PMID16510627.

14.   Pérez, F.J., Wood, M.A., and Schubert, C.M.: Effects of gap geometry on conduction through discontinuous radiofrequency lesions.  Circulation, 113(14): 1723-1729, 2006.  PMCID:PMID16585390.

15.  Wood, M.A., Parvez, B., Ellenbogen, A.L., Shaffer, K.M., Goldberg, S., Gaspar, M.P., Arief, I. and Schubert, C.M.: Determinants of lesion sizes and tissue temperatures during catheter cryoablation.  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol, 30: 644-654, 2007.  PMCID:PMID17461875.

16.  Chumlea, Wm.C., Schubert, C.M., Sun, S.S., Demerath, E., Towne, B. and Siervogel, R.M.: A review of body water status and the effects of age and body fatness in children and adults.  J Nutr Health Aging, 11(2): 111-118, 2007. PMCID: PMID17435953.

17.  Parvez, B., Goldberg, S.M., Pathak, V., Schubert, C.M. and Wood, M.A.: Time to electrode re-warming after cryoablation predicts lesion size.  J Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 18(8): 845-848, 2007. PMCID:PMID17553073.



18.  Lyon, D.E., McCain, N.L., Walter, J. and Schubert, C.: Cytokine comparisons between women with breast cancer and women with a negative breast biopsy.  Nursing Research 57(1): 51-58, 2008. PMCID:PMID18091292.

19.  Baldassari, C.M., Mitchell, R.B., Schubert, C. and Rudnick, F: Pediatric obstructive sleep apena and quality of life: a meta-analysis.  Otolaryngolgoy and Head and Neck Surgery, 138(3):  265-273, 2008. PMCID:PMID18312869.

20.  Parvez, B., Pathak, V., Schubert C.M., and Wood, M: Comparison of lesion sizes produced by cryoablation and open irrigation radiofrequency ablation catheters.  J Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 19: 528-534, 2008. PMCID:PMID18284508.



21.  Baldassari CM, Schmidt C, Schubert CM, Srinivasan P, Dodson KM, Sismanis A.  Receptive language outcomes in children after cochlear implantation.  Otolaryngology –Head and Neck Surgery, 140(1): 114-119, 2009. PMCID:PMID19130973.

22. Jablonski, R.A, Munro, C., Grap, M., Schubert, C., Ligon, M:  Mouth care in nursing homes: knowledge, beliefs, and practices of certified nursing assistants, Geriatric Nursing, 30: 99-107, 2009. PMCID:PMID19345849.

23.  Bajaj J.S., Heuman, D.M., Gibson, D., Schubert, C.M.:  The effect of fatigue on driving skills in patients with hepatic encephalopathy.  American Journal of Gastroenterology 104: 898-905, 2009. PMCID: PMID19277025.

24.  Brown, L.F., Thoyre, S., Pridham, K., Schubert C.  The Mother-Infant Feeding Tool (MIFT).  Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing 38(4):  491-503, 2009. PMCID:PMID19614885.

25.  Perez, F.J., Schubert, C.M., Parvez, B., Pathak, V., Ellenbogen, K.A., Wood, M.A.  Long-term outcomes after catheter ablation of cavo-tricuspid isthmus dependent atrial flutter: A meta-analysis. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 2(4): 393-401, 2009. PMCID:PMID19808495.

26.  Schubert, C.M., Sun, S.S., Burns, T.L., Morrison, J.A., Huang, T.T.  Predictive ability of childhood metabolic components for adult metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.  J of Pediatrics 155(3): S6.e1-7, 2009. PMCID: PMID19732565.

27.  Schubert, C.M., Cook, S., Sun, S.S., Huang, T.T.  Additive utility of family history and waist circumference to body mass index in childhood for predictions of metabolic syndrome in adulthood.  J of Pediatrics 155(3): S6.e9-13, 2009. PMCID: PMID19732567.

28.  Sun, S.S., Schubert, C.M. Prolonged juvenile states and delay of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors: The Fels Longitudinal Study. J of Pediatrics 155(3): S7.e1-6, 2009. PMCID: PMID 19732568.

29.  Bajaj, J.S., Saeian, K., Schubert, C.M., Hafeezullah, M., Franco, J., Varma, R.R., Gibson, D.P., Hoffmann, R.G., Stravitz, R.T., Heuman, D.M., Sterling, R.K., Shiffman, M., Topaz, A., boyett, S., Bell,  D., Sanyal, A.J. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is associated with motor vehicle crashes: The reality beyond the driving test.  Hepatology 50: 1175-1183, 2009. PMCID:PMID19670416.

30.  Biegel, G.M., Brown, K.W., Shapiro, S.L., Schubert C.M., Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77(5): 855-866, 2009. PMCID: PMID19803566.



31.  Chumlea, W.M.C., Schubert, C.M., Towne, B., Siervogel, R.M., Sun, S.S.  Left ventricular mass, abdominal circumference and age:  The Fels Longitudinal Study.  The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 13(9): 821-825, 2009. PMCID: PMID19812873.

32. Chen C, Hill, L.D., Schubert, C.M., Strauss, J.F., Matthews, C.A. Is laminin gamma1 (LAMC1) a candidate gene for advanced pelvic organ prolapse? Am J of Obstet Gynecol, 202:505 e1-5, 2010. PMCID:PMID 20223449.

33.  Lyon, D.E., Schubert, C., Taylor, A.G.  Pilot study of cranial stimulation for symptom management in breast cancer.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 37(4): 476-483, 2010. PMCID:PMID 20591807.

34.   Bajaj, J.S., Schubert, C.M., Heuman, D.M., Wade, J.B., Gibson, D.P., Topaz, A., Saeian, K., Hafeezullah, M., Bell, D.E., Sterling, R.K., Stravitz, R.T., Luketic, V., White, M.B., Sanyal, A.J. Persistence of cognitive impairment after resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy. Gastroenterology, 138:2332-2340, 2010. PMCID: PMID: 20178797.

35.  Barker, S.B., Knisely, J.S., McCain, N.L., Schubert, C.M., Pandurangi, A.K.  Exploratory study of stress response patterns to interaction with a therapy dog.  Anthrozoös 23(1):79-91, 2010.

36.  Matthews, C.A., Schubert, C.M., Woodward, A.P., Gill, E.J. Variance in abdominal wall anatomy and port placement in women undergoing robotic gynecologic surgery. The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 17:583-586, 2010. PMID: 20598650.

37.  Brown, J.F., Schubert C.M.  An examination of emergency department pediatric psychiatric services: A pilot study.  Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research 37(4): 412-426, 2010. PMCID:PMID19731041.



38.  Schubert, C.M., Thorsen, S.A. Oxley, M.A: The ROC manifold for classification systems, Pattern Recognition 44: 350-362, 2011.

39.  Lyon, D.E., Walter, J., Munro, C.L., Schubert, C.M., McCain, N.L.  Challenges in interpreting cytokine biomarkers in biobehavioral research: A breast cancer exemplar. Biological Research for Nursing 13(1):25-31, 2011. PMID: 21199813.

40.  Bajaj, J.S., Saeian, K., Schubert, C.M., Franco, R., Franco, J., Heuman, D.M.  Disruption of sleep architecture in hepatic encephalopathy and ghrelin secretion. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 34: 103-105, 2011. PMID: 21631553.

41.  Lyon, D.E., Walter, J.M., Starkweather, A.R., Schubert, C.M., McCain, N.L. Tryptophan Degradation in Women with Breast Cancer: A Pilot Study. BMC Research Notes 4:156, 1-7, 2011. PMIC: 21615916.

42.  Ahmed, A.E., McClish, D.K., Schubert, C.M. Accuracy and Cost Comparison in Medical Testing Using Sequential Testing Strategies. Statistics in Medicine 30:3416-3430, 2011. PMID: 21976377.



43.  Barker, R.T., Knisely, J.S., Barker, S.B., Cobb, R.K., Schubert C.M. Preliminary Investigation of Employee’s Dog Presence on Stress and Organizational Perceptions. International Journal of Workplace Health Management 5(1):15-30, 2012.

44.  Bajaj, J.S., Gillevet, P.M., Patel, N.R., Ahluwalia, V., Ridlon, J.M., Kettenmann, B., Schubert, C.M., Sikaroodi, M., Heuman, D.M., Crossey, M.M.E., Bell, D.E., Hylemon, P.B., Fatouros, P.P., Taylor-Robinson, S.D.  A longitudinal systems biology analysis of lactulose withdrawal in hepatic encephalopathy.  Metabolic Brain Disease 27: 205-215, 2012. PMID: 22527995.

45.  Sun, S.S., Deng, X., Sabo, R., Carrico, R., Schubert, C.M., Wan, W., Sabo, C. Secular trends in body composition for children and young adults: The Fels Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Human Biology 24(4): 506-514, 2012. PMID: 22410970.

46.  Sayler, J., Schubert, C.M., Chiaranai, C. Supportive relationships, self-care confidence and heart failure self-care: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 27(5): 384-393, 2012. PMID: 22048619.

47.  Tuck, I., Baliko B., Schubert, C.M., Anderson, L. A pilot study of a weekend retreat intervention for family survivors of homicide. Western Journal of Nursing Research 34(6): 766-794, 2012. PMID: 22566289.



48.  Starkweather, A.R., Lyon, D.E., Schubert, C.M.  Pain and inflammation in women with early-stage breast cancer prior to induction of chemotherapy.  Biological Research for Nursing. 15(2): 234-241, 2013. PMID: 22084403. DOI: 10.1177/1099800411425857

49.  Ryan, E.T., Jacques, D.R., Ritschel, J.D., Schubert, C.M. Characterizing the accuracy of DoD operating and support cost estimates.  The Journal of Public Procurement : 13(1): 103-132, 2013.

50.  Ryan, E.T., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Jacques, D.R., Ritschel, J.D.   A macro-stochastic model for improving the accuracy of Department of Defense life cycle cost estimates.  Journal of Cost Analysis and Parametrics 6(1): 43-74, 2013.

51.  Ahmed, A., Schubert, C.M., McClish, D. Reducing Cost in Sequential Testing: A Limit of Indifference Approach. Statistics in Medicine: 32: 2715-2727, 2013.  DOI: 10.1002/sim.5741.



52.  Burk, R.S., Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Schubert, C.M., Sessler, C.N. Agitation Onset, Frequency, and Associated Temporal Factors in the Adult Critically Ill.  American Journal of Critical Care 23(4): 296-304, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2014186.

53.  Batterton, K.A., Schubert, C.M. Confidence intervals around Bayes Cost in multi-state diagnostic settings to estimate optimal performance.  Statistics in Medicine 33: 3280-3299, 2014. DOI: 10.1002/sim.6174.

54.  Greenwell, B. and Schubert Kabban, C.M. investr: an R Package for Inverse Estimation. The R Journal 6(1): 90-100, 2014. (http://journal.r-project.org/archive/2014-1/greenwell-kabban.pdf. )

55.  Burk, R.S., Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Schubert, C., Sessler, C.N. Predictors of Agitation in the Adult Critically Ill.  American Journal of Critical Care 23(5): 414-423, 2014. DOI: 10.4037/ajcc2014714.

56.  Parr, J., Miller, M.E., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Pellettiere, J.A., Perry, C.E.  Development of an updated Air Force tensile neck injury criterion.  Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 85(10): 1026-1032, 2014.

57.  Herr, J.M., Salyer, J., Lyon, D.E., Goodloe, L., Schubert, C., Clement, D.G. Heart Failure Symptom Relationships: A Systematic Review. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 29(5): 416-422, 2014.

58.  Derriso, M.M., DeSimio, M.P., McCurry, C.D., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Olson, S.E. Industrial Age NDE to Information Age SHM. Structural Health Monitoring 13(6): 591-600, 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1475921714546061.



59.  Schubert, C.M., Guennel, T. Comparing performance of multi-class classification systems with ROC manifolds: when volume and correct classification fails. Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation 44(3): 719-738, 2015.

60.  Hoopes, D.J., Johnstone, P.A., Chapin, P.S., Schubert C.M., Lee, W.R., Chen, A.B., Fraass, B.A., Skinner, W.J.K., Marks, L.B. Practice Patterns for Peer Review in Radiation Oncology.  Practical Radiation Oncology 5(1): 32-38, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.pro.2014.04.004.

61.  DeNeve, A., Ryan, E.T., Ritschel, J.D., Schubert Kabban, C.  Taming the Hurricane of Acquisition Cost Growth—Or At Least Predicting It. Defense Acquisition Research Journal 22(1): 84-105, 2015.

62.  Pepperl, A.A., Rooney, M.B., Parker, A., Burk, R.S., Kabban, C.S., Wetzel, P.A., Grap, M.J. Effect of Alertness Level and Backrest Elevation on Skin Interface Pressure. Wounds: A Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice 26(12): 334-341, 2014. PMID: 25785776.

63.  Barker, S.B., Knisely, J.S., Schubert, C.M., Green, J.D., Ameringer, S.  The Effect of an Animal-Assisted Intervention on Anxiety and Pain in Hospitalized Children.  Anthrozoös 28(1): 101-112, 2015.

64.  Patel, H., Schubert Kabban, C., Baldwin, R. Montminy, D. Statistical analysis and comparison of linear regression attacks on the advanced encryption standard. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology (IJICT) 7(2-3): 159-184, 2015, DOI: 10.1504/IJICT.2015.068387.

65.  Schubert Kabban, C.M., Greenwell, B.M., DeSimio, M.P., Derriso, M.M.  The Probability of Detection for SHM Systems: Repeated Measures Data.  Structural Health Monitoring 14(3): 252-264, 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1475921714566530.

66.  Herr, J.K., Salyer, J., Flattery, M., Lyon, D.E., Goodloe, L., Schubert, C., Clement, D.G. Heart Failure Symptom Clusters and Functional Status – A Cross Sectional Study. Journal of Advanced Nursing 71(6): 1274-1287, 2015. DOI: 10.1111/jan.12596.

67.  Wolf, E.G., Baugh, L.M., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Richards, M.F., Prye, J. Cognitive Function in a Traumatic Brain Injury Hyperbaric Oxygen Randomized Trial. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine  42(4): 313-332, 2015.

68.  Grap, M.J., Burk, R.S., Lucas, V., Munro, C.L., Wetzel, P.A., and Schubert, C.M.  Use of high frequency ultrasound to detect changes in skin integrity: an image evaluation validation procedure. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing 31(3): 141-147, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2014.08.002.

69.  Burk, R.S., Parker, A., Sievers, L., Rooney, M.B., Pepperl, A., Schubert, C.M., Grap, M.J. Effects of position and operator on high-frequency ultrasound scan quality. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing 31(3): 148-154, 2015. doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2014.11.001. PMID: 25636253.

70.  Ahmed A.E., McClish D.K., Schubert C.M. and AL-Jahdali H.H. Believe the Extreme (BE) Strategy at the Optimal Point: What Strategy will it become?  Austin Biom and Biostat. 2(3): 1022, 2015.

71. Brandt, Y., Currier, L., Plante, T.W., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Tvaryanas, A.P. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Core Strengthening Exercises in Helicopter Crewmembers with Low Back Pain. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance 86(10): 889-894, 2015.

72. Parr, J.C., Miller, M.E., Columbi, J.M., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Pellettiere, J.A.  Development of a side impact (Gy) neck injury criterion for use in ejection system safety evaluation .  IIE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors  3(3-4): 151-164, 2015.  DOI: 10.1080/21577323.2015.1022283.



73.  Batterton, K.A. and Schubert, C.M.  A nonparametric fiducial interval for the Youden Index in multi-state diagnostic settings.  Statistics in Medicine  35(1): 78-96, 2016.  DOI: 10.1002/sim.6613.

74.  Barker, S.B., Barker, R.T., McCain, N.L., Schubert, C.M. A Randomized Cross-over Exploratory Study of the Effect of Visiting Therapy Dogs on College Student Stress Before Final Exams. Anthrozoos. vol 29(1): 35-46, 2016.  DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2015.1069988.

75.  Grap, M.J., Munro, C., Wetzel, P.A, Schubert, C.M., Pepperl, A., Burk, R.S., Lucas, V. Backrest elevation and tissue interface pressure by anatomical location during mechanical ventilation. American Journal of Critical Care vol 25(3): e56-e63, 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2016317.



76.  Mohd-Zaid, F., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Deckro, R., White, E. Parameter Specification for the Degree Distribution of Simulated Barabasi-Albert Graphs.  Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol 465(1): 141-152, 2017. ISSN 0378-4371, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2016.07.024 (published 1 January 2017).

 77.  Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Wetzel, P.A., Schubert, C.M., Pepperl, A., Burk, R.S., Lucas, V. Tissue Interface Pressure and Skin Integrity in Critically Ill, Mechanically Ventilated Patients. Intensive & Critical Care Nursing vol 38: 1-9, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2016.07.004.

 78. Anderson, J.R., Ogden, J.D., Cunningham, W.A., Schubert-Kabban, C. An Exploratory Study on Hours of Service and its Safety Impact on Motorists. Transport Policy 53, 161-174, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.10.001.

79.  Shandley, S., Wolf, E.G., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Baugh, L.M., Richards, M.F., Prye, J., Arizpe, H.M., Kalns, J. Increased Circulating Stem Cells and Better Cognitive Performance in Traumatic Brain Injury Subjects Following Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy.  Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine 44(3), 257-269, 2017.

80. Hefron, R., Borghetti, B.J., Christensen, J.C., Schubert Kabban, C.M. Deep long short-term memory structures model temporal dependencies improving cognitive workload estimation.  Pattern Recognition Letters (IEEE), 94(15): 96-104, 2017.  DOI:10.1016/j.patrec.2017.05.020.

81.  Barker, S.B., Barker, R.T., Schubert, C.M. Therapy dogs on campus: A counseling outreach activity for college students preparing for final exams. Journal of College Counselling 20: 278-288, Oct 2017.  doi: 10.1002/jocc.12075.

 82.  Burk, R.S., Schubert, C.M., Pepperl, A., Grap, M.J.  High-Frequency Ultrasound: Description of Sacral Tissue Characteristics in Healthy Adults.  Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing 44(5): 434-439. Sep/oct 2017

 83.  Grap, M.J., Schubert, C.M., Burk, R.S., Lucas, V., Wetzel, P.A., Pepperl, A., Munro,C.L.  High Frequency Ultrasound Sacral Images in the Critically Ill: Tissue Characteristics Versus Visual Evaluation.  Intensive & Critical Care Nursing 42: 62-67, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.iccn.2017.02.001.

 84.  Barker, S.B., Barker, R.T., McCain, N.L., Schubert, C.M.  The Effect of a Canine-Assisted Activity on College Student Perceptions of Family Supports and Current Stressors. Anthrozoos 30(4): 595-606, 2017.  doi: 10.1080/08927936.2017.1370227.

 85.  Burk, R.S., Grap, M.J., Lucas, V., Munro, C.L., Wetzel, P.A., Schubert, C.M.  High-Frequency Ultrasound: Obtaining Optimal Images and the Effect of Image Artifacts on Image Quality. Advances in Wound Care 6(11): 383-391, 2017. doi: 10.1089/wound.2017.0727.



 86.  Mohd-Zaid, F., Schubert Kabban, C.M., Deckro, R.F. A Test on the L-moments of the Degree Distribution of a Barabási-Albert Network for Detecting Nodal and Edge Degradation.  Journal of Complex Networks 6(1): 24-53, Feb 2018. DOI:10.1093/comnet/cnx020.

 87.  Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Schubert, C.M., Wetzel, P.A., Burk, R.S., Pepperl, A., Lucas, V. Lack of Association of High Backrest With Sacral Tissue Changes in Adults Receiving Mechanically Ventilation. American Journal of Critical Care 27(2): 104-113, Mar 2018. Doi:10.4037/ajcc2018419.

 88. Schubert Kabban, C., Uber, R., Lin, K., Lin, B., Bhuiyan, Md.Y., Giurgiutiu, V. Uncertainty Evaluation in the Design of Structural Health Monitoring Systems for Damage Detection. Aerospace Journal 5(2): 45, 2018. DOI:10.3390/aerospace5020045.

 89.  Hefron, R.G, Borghetti, B.J., Christensen, J.C, Schubert Kabban, C.M., Estepp, J.R. Cross-Participant EEG-Based Assessment of Cognitive Workload Using Multi-Path Convolutional Recurrent Neural Networks. Sensors 18(5): 18(5): Article Number 1339, pp. 1-27, 2018. DOI:10.3390/s18051339.

 90.  Roberts, M.D., Douglas, M.A., Overstreet, R.E., Ogden, J.A., Schubert Kabban, C.M.  Development and Validation of a Multi-level Air Freight Handling Safety Climate Scale. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behavior 59, Part A, pp. 445-462, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2018.09.018 [2]

91.  Barker, S.B., Schubert, C.M., Barker, R.T., I-Chun Kuo, S., Kendler, K.S., Dick, D.M. The Relationship between Pet Ownership, Social Support, and Internalizing Symptoms in Students from the First to Fourth Year of College. Applied Developmental Science 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2018.1476148



92. Jurado, J., Schubert Kabban, C., Racquet, J. A Regression-Based Methodology to Improve Estimation of Inertial Sensor Errors Using Allan Variance Data. Navigation pp. 1-13, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1002/navi.278.

93.  Grap, M.J., Schubert, C.M., Munro, C.L., Wetzel, P.A., Burk, R.S., Lucas, V., Pepperl, A. OR Time and Sacral Pressure Injuries in Critically Ill Surgical Patients. AORN Journal 109(2): 229-239, Feb 2019.  https://doi.org/10.1002/aorn.12583.

94.  McClish, D.M., Wilk, A.R., Schubert, C.M. Choosing Between the BP and BN Sequential Strategies. Pharmaceutical Statistics pp. 1-13, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/pst.1945. 



95.  Barker, S., Krzastek, S.C., Vokes, R.A., Schubert, C.M., Cooley, L.F., Hampton, L.J. , Examining the Effect of an Animal-assisted Intervention on Patient Distress in Outpatient Cystoscopy, Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin 8(1): 23-37, April 2020.

96.  Gold, S., White, E.D., Roeder, W., McAleenan, M., Schubert Kabban, C., Ahner, D. Probabilistic Contingency Tables: An Improvement to Verify Probability Forecasts. Weather and Forecasting 35(2): 609-621, April 2020, https://doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-19-0116.1.

97.  Rondeau, C.M., Temple, M.A., Betance, J.A., Schubert Kabban, C.M. Protection of Critical Infrastructure COTS Elements using Constellation-Based Distinct Native Attributes Fingerprints.  Journal of DoD Research and Engineering, Jan 2020, 1-21.

98.  Jurado, J., Racquet, J., Schubert Kabban, C., Gipson, J. Residual-Based Multi-Filter Methodology for All-Source Fault Detection, Exclusion, and Performance Monitoring Navigation 67(3): 493-510, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1002/navi.384.

99.  Guerrier, S., Jurado, J., Khaghani, M., Bakalli, G., Karemera, M., Molinari, R., Orso, S., Raquet, J., Schubert, C., Skaloud, J., Xu, H., Zhang, Y.  Wavelet-Based Moment-Matching Techniques for Inertial Sensor Calibration. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 69(10): 7542-7551, Oct 2020, doi: 10.1109/TIM.2020.2984820.

Schubert Kabban, C., Mohd-Zaid, F., Zink, E. Determining How Well Machine Learning is Doing: Statistical Inference in Machine Learning.  The Graduate School of Engineering and Management AFIT Engineer, 2(4): 23, Dec 2020, https://www.afit.edu/docs/AFIT%20Engineer%20Dec2020_WEB.pdf



100.  Rondeau, C.M., Temple, M.A., Betances, A., Schubert Kabban, C.M. Extending Critical Infrastructure Element Longevity Using Constellation-Based ID Verification. Computers and Security 102, Jan 2021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2020.102073.

101.  Jurado, Juan D., John F. Raquet, and Christine M. Schubert Kabban. “Single Filter Finite Fault Detection and Exclusion Methodology for Real-time Validation of Plug-and-play Sensors”. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol 57(1), Feb2021, pp 66-75. doi: 10.1109/TAES.2020.3010394).

102.  Westing, N., Borghetti, B., Gross, K., Schubert Kabban, C., Martin, J., Meola, J. Multimodal Representation Learning and Set Attention for LWIR In-Scene Atmospheric Compensation.  IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol 14, 2021, pp 127-140, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2020.3034421).

103.  Geiselman, E.E., Miller, M.E., Heft, E., Schubert Kabban, C. Human Performance Evaluation of User Interfaces for Spatially-Constrained Text Portrayal and Access.  Displays 68, 2021, 102003, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.displa.2021.102003.

104.  Kamrud, A., Borghetti, B., Schubert Kabban, C. The Effects of Individual Differences, Non-Stationarity, and the Importance of Data Partitioning Decisions for Training and Testing of EEG Cross-Participant Models. Sensors 21(9), 2021, 3225, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093225.

105.  Kamrud, A., Borghetti, B., Schubert Kabban, C., Miller M. Generalized Deep Learning EEG Models for Cross-participant and Cross-task Detection of the Vigilance Decrement in Sustained Attention Tasks.  Sensors 1(16), Aug 2021, 5617, doi: 10.3390/s21165617.



106. Langehaug, T.J., Graham, S.R., Schubert Kabban, C., Borghetti, B.J.  MADFAM: MicroArchitectual Data Framework and Methodology. IEEE Access, vol 10, pp 23511-23531, 2022, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3153313.

107.  Mohd-Zaid, F., Schubert, C.M., Deckro, R. Shamp, W.A. Network Characterization and Simulation via Mixed Properties of the Barabási-Albert and Erdös-Rényi Degree Distribution.  Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology (online pub ahead of print:  https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/15485129221110893.

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