Maj Todd V. Small, PhD

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Ph.D., Applied Physics, Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, 2021

M.S., Aero/Astro Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 2010

B.S., Astronautical Engineering, University States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO, 2008


Professional Military Education

Squadron Officer School, Squadron Officer College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 2014 (Residence)


Meritorious Service Medal, 2018

Joint Service Commendation Medal, 2018

Air Force Commendation Medal, 2016        

Air Medal (7 Oak Leaf Clusters, 2015


[3] Anne W. Werkley, Samuel D. Butler, Todd V. Small, Michael A. Marciniak, “Data-driven algorithm to classify the degree of isotropy in the bidirectional reflectance distribution function,” Opt. Eng. 60(9), 094108 (2021)

 [2] Todd V. Small, Samuel D. Butler, Michael A. Marciniak, “Scatter coordinate mapping and out-of-plane BRDF measurements for specular materials using an augmented CASI® measurement system,” Proc. SPIE 11727, Algorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imaging XXVII, 117270X (12 April 2021)

 [1] Todd V. Small, Samuel D. Butler, Michael A. Marciniak, “Augmenting CASI® BRDF measurement device to measure out-of-plane scatter with CCD pixel array,” Proc. SPIE 11485, Reflection, Scattering, and Diffraction from Surfaces VII, 114850B (31 August 2020)


Refereed Publications Currently Under Review

Small, T. V., S. D. Butler, and M. A. Marciniak. “Uncertainty analysis for CCD-augmented CASI® BRDF measurement system.” Submitted to Opt. Eng. 7 Jun 2021; re-submitted 22 Sep 2021; currently under re-review

Small, T. V., S. D. Butler, and M. A. Marciniak. “Solar cell BRDF measurement and modeling with out-of-plane data.” Submitted to Opt. Express 9 Aug 2021 (under revision; revisions due 4 Oct 2021)

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